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Eugene Victor Debs

(1855—1926)

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Anti-Imperialist Ideas and Peace

Anti-Imperialist Ideas and Peace  

Impe-rialism has alternately been praised for establishing peace and denounced as the inspiration of war, at least since the British military leader Celiacus exhorted an army preparing to clash with ...
antiwar Movements

antiwar Movements  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A campaign to end a war or a state's involvement in a war, especially the 1963-73 effort to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
civil liberties

civil liberties  

One of the fundamental principles of open, free societies, written into constitutions of many nations, civil liberty is the right of citizens to go about their lawful business without intrusive ...
Clarence Darrow

Clarence Darrow  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1857–1938),Ohio-born lawyer, mainly associated with Chicago, was noted for his defense of labor organizations, acting as counsel for Debs in the case resulting from the Pullman strike; for William ...
conscription

conscription  

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Overview Page
N. compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces.
David Starr Jordan

David Starr Jordan  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1851–1931),first president and chancellor of Stanford University (1891–1916), which he helped make into a major American university. Besides his scientific works on fishes, he was the author of The ...
Dorothy Day

Dorothy Day  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1897–1980), co-founder, with the visionary Frenchman Peter Maurin (1877–1949), of the lay-dominated Catholic Worker movement in the USA. A radical socialist, she was involved in various disastrous ...
draft resistance and evasion

draft resistance and evasion  

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Civil disobedience directed at government authorities responsible for administering a system of compulsory military service (draft resistance) and the measures taken to avoid draft registration and ...
Edward Bellamy

Edward Bellamy  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1850–98),American novelist and political theorist, whose fame rests upon his popular utopian romance Looking Backward: 2000–1887 (1888). Its hero, Julian West, a young Bostonian, falls into a ...
Espionage and Sedition Acts of World War I

Espionage and Sedition Acts of World War I  

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Overview Page
(1917, 1918) were the first forays since 1798 into federal regulation of First Amendment rights.These criminalizations of certain forms of expression, belief, and association resulted in the ...
Grover Cleveland

Grover Cleveland  

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(1837–1908)US Democratic statesman, 22nd and 24th President of the USA (1885–89; 1893–97). His first term was marked by efforts to reverse the heavily protective import tariff, and his second by his ...
Industrial Workers of the World

Industrial Workers of the World  

Created in Chicago in 1905 as a revolutionary industrial union, the iww and its members, nicknamed ‘Wobblies’, organized minorities, immigrants, women, and unskilled workers ignored by conservative ...
labor Movement

labor Movement  

Imprecise term referring to two ideas: first, that workers, especially blue‐collar or manual workers, share common political and economic interests which may be advanced through organized trade union ...
Looking Backward, 2000–1887

Looking Backward, 2000–1887  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A utopian novel by Edward Bellamy, published in 1888.
Norman Thomas

Norman Thomas  

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Literature
(1884–1968),born in Ohio, graduated from Princeton (1905) and was a Presbyterian minister in New York City until his Socialist interest caused him to turn to other activities. He was ...
Pullman strike

Pullman strike  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1894)A US labour dispute that began when the Pullman Palace Car Company of Chicago laid off men and cut wages, blaming the economic depression, and refused to discuss grievances with its employees. ...
Radicalism

Radicalism  

Seeks a fundamental change in political structures through a programme of far-reaching but constitutional reform. Its features include some or all of individualism, democracy, minimal government, a ...
Robert G. Ingersoll

Robert G. Ingersoll  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1833–99).practiced law in Illinois and entered Democratic politics before the Civil War, in which he served as a colonel of cavalry and turned to the Republican party. In 1876 he nominated Blaine ...
Socialist Party

Socialist Party  

The Socialist Party of America (SPA) was formally constituted in 1901 by a merger of the Social Democratic Party and a wing of the Socialist Labor Party. It was founded ...

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