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Apocalypse

Apocalypse  

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Religion
The complete final destruction of the world, especially as described in the biblical book of Revelation. The word is recorded from Old English, and comes ultimately, via Old French and ecclesiastical ...
apocalyptic

apocalyptic  

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Religion
A modern term which summarizes the OT hope of a future salvation at the end of the current experience of national humiliation and suffering. Apocalyptic thought therefore takes the form of ...
apocalyptic literature

apocalyptic literature  

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Religion
The word ‘apocalypse’ means a ‘revelation’ or ‘unveiling’, so an apocalyptic book claims to reveal things which are normally hidden or to reveal the future. The Jewish Apocalyptic books belong ...
apocrypha

apocrypha  

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Biblical or related writings not forming part of the accepted canon of Scripture. The Old Testament Apocrypha include writings (dating from around 300 bc to ad 100) which appeared in the Septuagint ...
Ashrei

Ashrei  

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(Heb., ‘happy are they’).First word of a reading from the book of Psalms used in the Jewish liturgy.
Baruch

Baruch  

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Religion
The scribe of the prophet Jeremiah; he was sent by his master to read Jeremiah's prophecies in the Temple, against the king's wishes. Baruch is also the name of a book of the Apocrypha, attributed in ...
Belial

Belial  

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A Hebrew word probably meaning ‘worthlessness’, ‘wickedness’, or ‘destruction’. It occurs several times in the OT, usually in combination with a noun, e.g. ‘sons of Belial’, only once in the NT.
Bethany

Bethany  

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Religion
The village of Martha, Mary, and Lazarus, c.2 miles from Jerusalem, where Christ lodged during the week before His Passion. Its modern name is Ἁzaryah, i.e. ‘the place of Lazarus’. ‘Bethany beyond ...
Bible

Bible  

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The Christian scriptures, consisting of the Old and New Testaments; the Jewish scriptures, consisting of the Torah or Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa or Writings.The Bible is traditionally ...
Bible divisions and references

Bible divisions and references  

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Religion
The division of major sections of the OT (e.g. the Pentateuch) into Books was associated with the amount of material which would fit on to a single scroll. When the Hebrew was translated into Greek, ...
Bible Text

Bible Text  

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The exact wording of the Bible, in Hebrew and translation, in various forms (ancient scrolls, medieval manuscripts, and modern editions), of which the Masoretic Text (see Masorah), handed down for ...
Blessings

Blessings  

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(Heb. berakhot), a liturgical term denoting prayer, or praise of God, formulated in a special style. The term is technically applied only to a prayer that opens and/or closes with ...
Book of Daniel

Book of Daniel  

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Religion
This OT Book consists of: (a) a narrative section (1–6) describing the experiences of Daniel and his three companions under Nebuchadnezzar and Belshazzar, kings of Babylon, and Darius the Mede; and ...
Book of Habakkuk

Book of Habakkuk  

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(Vulgate Habacuc).One of the Minor Prophets of the Hebrew Bible and Christian Old Testament. A commentary on Habakkuk is among the most important of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Book of Jeremiah

Book of Jeremiah  

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Religion
Jewish tradition and NT quotations ascribe this OT Book to Jeremiah, but many modern critics attribute a great part of it to editors. The promises of restitution and the giving of a New Covenant ...
Book of Jubilees

Book of Jubilees  

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A Jewish work containing a solar calendar differing from the official; composed in the late 2nd cent. bce and used by the Qumran community. So called because its chronology is worked out in periods ...
Book of Psalms

Book of Psalms  

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(Gk., psalmoi, ‘songs accompanied by string music’).The first of the Writings in the Hebrew Bible and nineteenth book in the Christian Old Testament. The Hebrew title is Tehillim (‘songs ...
Book of Tobit

Book of Tobit  

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This Book of the Apocrypha was written in Aramaic or Hebrew, probably c.200 bc. It relates the story of Tobit, a pious Jew who had been taken captive to Nineveh and in his old age became poor and ...
books

books  

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Religion
Books of the Hebrew Bible were scrolls, wrapped round rollers (Jer. 36: 2) and unrolled for the appropriate place (Luke 4: 17). Two hands were therefore required for reading them. The Christians' ...
Books of Enoch

Books of Enoch  

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Religion
1 Enoch, or ‘Ethiopic Enoch’, so called because it survives in its most complete form in Ethiopic, is one of the most important Jewish pseudepigrapha. It embodies a series of revelations, of which ...

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