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Dante Alighieri

(1265—1321) Italian poet

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aetas Vergiliana, Horatiana, and Ovidiana

aetas Vergiliana, Horatiana, and Ovidiana  

Traube described the 8th and 9th centuries as aetas Vergiliana, the 10th and 11th as aetas Horatiana, and the 12th and 13th as aetas Ovidiana. While useful, the labels underrate ...
Ages of Man

Ages of Man  

(see children, Nature, old age, youth). In his work on old age, Cicero (Tullius) remarks that nature has a single path which is run only once, and to each stage ...
Aldo Manuzio

Aldo Manuzio  

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Literature
(c. 1452–1515)was one of the most influential figures in the early history of printing, and his creative innovations have left a permanent mark on printing and publishing. Born in ...
Aldus Manutius

Aldus Manutius  

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(1449–1515)Scholar, printer, and publisher, born near Rome. He moved to Venice in 1490 and, after publishing his own Latin grammar (1493), in 1495 he opened his own press, which ...
Alessandro Guarini

Alessandro Guarini  

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Literature
(c. 1565–c. 1636)Ferrarese man of letters and son of Battista Guarini. He is famous for his Il farnetico savio overo il Tasso, (1610); its thesis is that Torquato Tasso ...
Alessandro Vellutello

Alessandro Vellutello  

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Literature
(15th– 16th c.)published a commentary on Petrarch in 1525, and one on Dante in 1544. The Dante commentary demonstrates a willingness to resist the prevailing views of Pietro Bembo ...
Alfonso Varano

Alfonso Varano  

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(1705–88).Ferrarese man of letters. He wrote four tragedies, including a noteworthy Giovanni di Giscala (1754), but was more admired for his Visioni sacre e morali, written in 1749–66. These ...
allegory

allegory  

A story, poem, or picture which can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. The word comes (in late Middle English) via Old French and Latin from Greek ...
allusion

allusion  

An indirect or passing reference to some event, person, place, or artistic work, the nature and relevance of which is not explained by the writer but relies on the reader's familiarity with what is ...
Alverna

Alverna  

“On this rough rock between the Tiber and the Arno / he took the supreme seal of Christ / which he bore for two years in his members”; these are ...
Ameto

Ameto  

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Literature
(1341–2).Prose narrative by Boccaccio, interspersed with poems in terza rima, after the example of Boethius and Dante's Vita nova. It tells how Ameto is transformed from rough shepherd to ...
Amico Di Dante

Amico Di Dante  

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Literature
The author of five canzoni and sixty-one sonnets which appear at the end of the main Vatican manuscript collection of 13th-c. lyrics (Vat. Lat. 3793). The name was coined because ...
Andreas Capellanus

Andreas Capellanus  

(fl. 1180s),is usually believed to have been a chaplain to Marie de Champagne. His book De Arte Honeste Amandi (also entitled De Amore) is a handbook of procedure in love in three sections: Book I, ...
Anjou

Anjou  

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French dynasty implanted in Italy by Charles I (1227–85), youngest son of Louis VIII. Supporting papal claims against the Hohenstaufen [see frederick ii], Charles defeated Manfredi at Benevento ...
antiquarianism

antiquarianism  

[Th]An intellectual tradition of enquiry that developed in Europe in the 16th and early 17th centuries ad as a result of new interests in nature, antiquity, the Renaissance of learning, and the ...
Anton Francesco Doni

Anton Francesco Doni  

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Literature
(1513–74),Italian popular writer and satirist, born in Florence, the son of a scissors-maker; he entered the Servite Order and then travelled for many years in northern Italy, publishing some ...
Antonio da Tempo

Antonio da Tempo  

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Literature
(14th c.)was a Paduan judge, versifier, and author of the first influential treatise on Italian metrical forms, the Summa artis rithimici vulgaris dictaminis (1332). As a North Italian, Antonio ...
apocalyptic literature

apocalyptic literature  

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Religion
The word ‘apocalypse’ means a ‘revelation’ or ‘unveiling’, so an apocalyptic book claims to reveal things which are normally hidden or to reveal the future. The Jewish Apocalyptic books belong ...
Arcangela Tarabotti

Arcangela Tarabotti  

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Literature
(1604–52)(pseud. Galerana Baratotti or Barcitotti). Venetian prose writer, advocate of women's liberty and equality, critic of contemporary patriarchy within the family, state, and Church, social ...
Arnaut Daniel

Arnaut Daniel  

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Literature
(late 12th c.).Provençal Troubadour, acknowledged as the major practitioner of the difficult style (trobar clus). He influences Italian Lyric Poets from the Sicilians to Petrarch. In the rime petrose ...

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