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Acamas

Acamas  

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Son of Theseus and brother of Demophon (1). Unknown to the Iliad, the brothers are certainly present at Troy in the Iliu Persis (fr. 4 Davies), and free their grandmother ...
Adnan Menderes

Adnan Menderes  

(b. 1899, d. 17 Sept. 1961).Prime Minister of Turkey 1950–60 Born in Aydin (Izmir), he practised as a lawyer until 1932, when he became a representative for the Republican People's Party in the Grand ...
Amathus

Amathus  

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A major coastal city of Cyprus, on a hill near mod. Ayios Tychonas, 10 km. (6 mi.) east of Limassol, surrounded by extensive and much excavated cemeteries, and immediately adjacent ...
Andrew of Longjumeau

Andrew of Longjumeau  

(13th c.)A Dominican missionary who, perhaps already instructed to bring the relics of the Passion to France (1239), brought letters from Innocent IV to various Muslim princes and oriental ...
Andronikos I Komnenos

Andronikos I Komnenos  

Emperor (1183–85); born ca.1118–20, died Constantinople Sept. 1185.Son of Isaac the brother of John II, Andronikos was nurtured with the future Manuel I, who remained personally partial to him. ...
Antioch

Antioch  

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Religion
A city in southern Turkey which was the ancient capital of Syria under the Seleucid kings, who founded it c.300 bc.
Antioch

Antioch  

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(Pisidian, or more correctly ‘near Pisidia’), a city in Phrygia Paroreius north of Pisidia, to be distinguished from the other Phrygian Antioch on the Maeander. It was a Seleucid foundation ...
Aphrodite

Aphrodite  

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In Greek mythology, the goddess of beauty, fertility, and sexual love. She is variously described as the daughter of Zeus and Dione, or as being born from the sea. Her cult was of Eastern origin, ...
archbishop

archbishop  

Are, literally, chief bishops. By the 5th cent. ad the title was applied to the occupants of sees of major ecclesiastical importance, particularly those of metropolitan bishops. This designation ...
Aristagoras

Aristagoras  

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Deputy tyrant of Miletus c.505–496 bc in Histiaeus' absence, and influential rebel with too many causes. Trying to extend Miletus' Aegean power, he promoted a joint Ionian–Phoenician expedition of ...
Aristarchus

Aristarchus  

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Of Samothrace (c.216–144 bc), sat at the feet of Aristophanes of Byzantium at Alexandria. He became head of the Alexandrian Library c.153. On the accession of Ptolemy VIII (145) he left Alexandria ...
autocephalous

autocephalous  

The term was used in the early Church of bishops who were under no superior authority and thus were independent of both Metropolitan and Patriarch, and of those directly dependent on the Patriarch ...
Balkan Pact

Balkan Pact  

(1934, 1954)An attempt to reduce the tensions in the Balkans which had been evident for half a century. In February 1934, a defensive pact was signed by Yugoslavia, Romania, Greece, and Turkey. From ...
Barnabas

Barnabas  

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Religion
(first century),apostle. A Jewish Cypriot and a Levite, Barnabas (the name means ‘son of consolation’) was an early Christian disciple but not one of the Twelve. He introduced Paul to the other ...
Battle of Lepanto

Battle of Lepanto  

A naval battle fought in 1571 close to the port of Lepanto at the entrance to the Gulf of Corinth. The Christian forces of Rome, Venice, and Spain, under the leadership of Don John of Austria, ...
bee

bee  

Traditionally taken as the type of an industrious and productive worker. Bees are also the emblem of St Ambrose (see also beehive) and St John of Chancery.There are a number of superstitions ...
Brutus

Brutus  

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In Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, Decius Brutus is one of the conspirators. Marcus Brutus is the idealistic friend of Caesar who is persuaded by Cassius to join the conspiracy. Caesar receives his ...
Byzantine Culture

Byzantine Culture  

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Archaeology
Byzantine Decorative ArtsByzantine FortificationsAncient SynagoguesByzantine MonasteriesByzantine Decorative ArtsByzantine FortificationsAncient SynagoguesByzantine MonasteriesByzantium's decorative ...
Caterina Cornaro

Caterina Cornaro  

(1454–1510),Italian queen of Cyprus, born in Venice, the daughter of the patrician Marco Cornaro, who owned large properties in Cyprus. In 1468 Caterina was married by proxy to King ...
Cato the Younger

Cato the Younger  

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‘of Utica’ (‘Uticensis’) (95–46bc), greatgrandson of Cato the Elder (see preceding entry), nephew of Livius Drusus (2), and brought up in the Livian household with the children of his mother's ...

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