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Cynics ((‘the doggish’)) Reference library
John L. Moles
term used of *Diogenes (2) ‘the dog’ (by-word for shamelessness) and his followers. The genesis, status, significance, and influence of Cynicism were already anciently controversial. Interpretative problems arise from Cynic behaviour and sayings, from the loss of nearly all Cynic writings (admittedly less important than in the case of other philosophies), and from diverse distortions in the tradition (invention of sayings and anecdotes; artificial integration of Cynicism into a formal philosophical succession from Socrates to the Stoics; bowdlerization; polemical misrepresentation)....
Cynics and Cynicism Reference library
Ancient Cynicism was an ideological identity adopted by a series of self-fashioning figures, mostly men but also one notable woman,