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Cynics

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Antisthenes

Antisthenes  

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(c.445–c.360 bc)A devoted follower of Socrates, but also considered (e.g. by Diogenes Laertius) to be an important influence on the first famous Cynic, Diogenes of Sinope. He shared much of Socrates' ...
autarky

autarky  

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Self-sufficiency in economic terms. A country is said to be autarkic if it is closed to international trade. Similarly, individual agents are said to be in autarkic equilibrium when they are ...
Bion

Bion  

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Of Borysthenes (Olbia) (c. 335–c. 245 bc), popular philosopher. His own account of his early life (Diogenes Laertius 4. 46–7) is problematic. His disreputable parents (an ex-prostitute and a freedman ...
Cercidas of Megalopolis

Cercidas of Megalopolis  

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(fl. 225 bc),statesman, lawgiver, and poet. He negotiated c.226 with Aratus (2) of Sicyon and Antigonus (3) Doson to secure Macedonian support for the Achaean Confederacy against Cleomenes (2) ...
Crantor

Crantor  

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Of Soli in Cilicia (c. 335–275 bc), philosopher of the early Academy, and the first Platonic commentator. He studied under Xenocrates (1), and cohabited with Arcesilaus (1), whom he had ...
Crates

Crates  

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Of Thebes (c.368/365–288/285 bc), Cynic philosopher and poet. Having gone to Athens as a young man, he became a follower of Diogenes (2) and gave his wealth to the poor. How far he maintained ...
Crates of Thebes

Crates of Thebes  

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Philosophy
(c.365–285 bc)Greek Cynic, and the principal pupil of Diogenes of Sinope. He led a wandering life devoted to poverty, yet is represented as universally respected and beloved: people wrote welcomes to ...
Cynic

Cynic   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

a member of a school of ancient Greek philosophers founded by Antisthenes, marked by an ostentatious contempt for ease and pleasure. The movement flourished in the 3rd century ...

Cynics

Cynics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

were adherents of a philosophical sect that derives ultimately from Antisthenes (c.446–366 bce), one of Socrates' students. He

cynics

cynics   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
62 words

Resemblances have been detected between the teachings and way of Jesus and those of the Cynics, a philosophical sect founded

Cynics

Cynics   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
35 words

School of philosophy founded (c.440 bc) by Antisthenes, a pupil of Socrates. Cynics considered virtue to

Cynics

Cynics   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
840 words

The major assault on ‘civilized values’ in the ancient world, as being no true values, was mounted by the Cynics.

Cynics

Cynics ((‘the doggish’))   Reference library

John L. Moles

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
771 words
term used of *Diogenes (2) ‘the dog’ (by-word for shamelessness) and his followers. The genesis, status, significance, and influence of Cynicism were already anciently controversial. ... More
Cynics and Cynicism

Cynics and Cynicism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,566 words

Ancient Cynicism was an ideological identity adopted by a series of self-fashioning figures, mostly men but also one notable woman,

Demetrius (19)

Demetrius (19)  

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The Cynic lived in Rome under Gaius (1), Nero, and Vespasian and was friendly with the Stoic philosopher L. Annaeus Seneca (2). He was probably exiled to Greece under Nero ...
diatribe

diatribe  

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Term (derived from Gk. word meaning ‘spending’ (of time) ) given by modern scholars to works of Greek or Roman popular philosophy and generally implying the following: that they are direct ...
Dio Cocceianus

Dio Cocceianus  

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Later called Chrysostom (c.ad 40/50—after 110), Greek orator and popular philosopher. Born of wealthy family in Prusa in Bithynia, Dio began a career as a rhetorician at Rome, but soon fell under the ...
Dio of Prusa

Dio of Prusa  

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(c. ad 40/50–after 110),Greek orator and popular philosopher. Born of wealthy family in Prusa (mod. Bursa, NW Turkey) in Bithynia, Dio began a career as a rhetorician at Rome ...
Diogenes

Diogenes  

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(c. 400–c. 325 bc),Greek philosopher. The most famous of the Cynic school, he lived ascetically in Athens (according to legend, he lived in a tub) and was accordingly named Kuōn (‘the dog’), from ...
Hipparchia

Hipparchia  

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Subject:
Philosophy
The wife of Crates the Cynic, whom she had chosen to marry in spite of the poverty and unconventionality of the life he offered her. She was a source of speculation because, since the Cynics insisted ...

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