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Ralph Cudworth

(1617—1688) philosopher and theologian

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ancient philosophy

ancient philosophy  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
‘Ancient philosophy’ is the conventional title, in Europe and the English-speaking academy, for the philosophical activities of the thinkers of the Graeco-Roman world. It includes a succession of ...
Andrew Michael Ramsay

Andrew Michael Ramsay  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1686–1743)Andrew Ramsay was born at Ayr in Scotland on 9 July 1686 and died at St Germaine-en-Laye, France on 6 May 1743. French by adoption, the Duke of Orléans ...
Anne Conway

Anne Conway  

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Philosophy
(1631–79)Anne Finch was the daughter of Sir Henry Finch, Speaker of the House of Commons. She studied Descartes at an early age, and through her brother, a student at Cambridge, became acquainted ...
Anthony Tuckney

Anthony Tuckney  

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Religion
(1599–1670), Puritan. He became vicar of Boston, Lincs., in 1633. In 1643 he was nominated to the Westminster Assembly, where he took a leading part in drawing up its doctrinal formularies. He held ...
applied ethics

applied ethics  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
The subject that applies ethics to actual practical problems, such as those of abortion, euthanasia, the treatment of animals, or other environmental, legal, political, and social problems. See also ...
Benjamin Whichcote

Benjamin Whichcote  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1609–83)English liberal theologian. Whichcote was the senior of the Cambridge Platonists, and through his position as Provost of King's was an influential opponent of the Calvinism of his time. He ...
Cambridge philosophy

Cambridge philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
In the Middle Ages Cambridge was a good deal smaller than Oxford and produced no philosopher to compare with Oxford's Duns Scotus or Ockham. Francis Bacon was the first important ...
Cambridge Platonists

Cambridge Platonists  

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Subject:
Philosophy
A small group of mid-17th century thinkers centred on Cambridge, whose members included Ralph Cudworth, Henry More, and Benjamin Whichcote. The problems they addressed included the rise of low-church ...
causation

causation  

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Subject:
Law
N.The relationship between an act and the consequences it produces. It is one of the elements that must be proved before an accused can be convicted of a crime in which the effect of the act is part ...
correspondence

correspondence  

A correspondence is a series of letters that pass between two or more people writing to each other. It therefore represents both sides of a (usually prolonged) process of epistolary ...
Damaris Masham

Damaris Masham  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1658–1708)Damaris Masham was born Damaris Cudworth in Cambridge on 18 January 1658. She died in Bath on 20 April 1708 and was buried in Bath Abbey. She was the ...
duty

duty  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
That which one must do, or that which can be required of one. The term carries implications of that which is owed (due) to other people, or perhaps to oneself. Universal duties would be owed to ...
evil

evil  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Buddhism has no concept of evil as a cosmic force or objective reality. The nearest it comes to this is the mythological figure of Māra.the Buddhist ‘devil’. However, it has much to say about evil in ...
Francis Glisson

Francis Glisson  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1598?–1677)Francis Glisson died in London on 16 October 1677. It is usually stated that Glisson was born in Rampisham in Dorset in 1597 but recent research (Walker, 1966) suggests ...
Frederick James Powicke

Frederick James Powicke  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1854–1935)Frederick James Powicke was born in Kidderminster on 20 July 1854 and died in Stockport on 7 December 1935. He was educated for the Congregational ministry at Spring Hill ...
free Will

free Will  

The problem is to reconcile our everyday consciousness of ourselves as agents, with the best view of what science tells us that we are. Determinism is one part of the problem. It may be defined as ...
George Hickes

George Hickes  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1642–1715),was the acknowledged leader of the first great generation of Anglo‐Saxon scholars which included the Elstobs and Wanley. The climax of his work was the Linguarum Veterum Septentrionalium ...
Henry Hallywell

Henry Hallywell  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(or Halliwell: c.1640–1703)Henry Hallywell was born in Twincham, Sussex, the son of Henry Halliwell. He was buried on 7 March 1703. In 1640, at the age of seventeen, he ...
Henry More

Henry More  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1614–87)English philosopher and theologian, and leading member of the Cambridge Platonists. More was educated at Christ's College, and remained there after his Fellowship was conferred in 1639. He ...
hylozoism

hylozoism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The doctrine that all matter is endowed with life.

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