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Croesus

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Abaris

Abaris  

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Legendary devotee of Apollo from the far north, a shamanistic missionary and saviour-figure like Aristeas whom Pindar (fr. 270 B. Snell and H. Maehler) associated with the time of Croesus—perhaps ...
Aesop

Aesop  

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Literature
(6th cent. bc),probably a legendary figure, to whom tradition attributes the authorship of the whole stock of Greek fables which became known to the West in the Renaissance through the 14th‐cent. ...
Alcmaeonidae

Alcmaeonidae  

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A noble Athenian family prominent in politics. Its first eminent member was Megacles, who as archon (see archontes), perhaps in 632/1 bc, involved it in a hereditary curse (see Cylon). ...
Alyattēs

Alyattēs  

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Fourth Lydian king (c.610–560 bc), of the house of Gyges and father of Croesus, finally drove back the Cimmerians, extended Lydian control to the Halys, and made war on Cyaxarēs the Mede (585), ...
Amphiarāus

Amphiarāus  

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Seer descended from Melampus, resident at Argos, whence he joined the expedition of the Seven against Thebes. In one tradition, he died with all the other champions save Adrastus. Since he knew that ...
Attis

Attis  

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Religion
In Anatolian mythology, the youthful consort of Cybele. His death (after castrating himself) and resurrection were associated with the spring festival and with a sacrifice for the crops; his symbol ...
Caria

Caria  

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Mountainous region in SW Asia Minor south of the Maeander, with Greek cities (Cnidus and Halicarnassus) occupying the salient peninsulas and mixed communities on the shores of the gulfs. Until the ...
Chios

Chios  

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An Ionian polis on the large Aegean island of the same name, some 7 km. (4½ mi.) from Asia Minor. Thucydides (2) calls it the greatest polis of Ionia and its citizens among the richest Greeks. The ...
Clazomenae

Clazomenae  

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One of the twelve cities of the Panionium, situated on the south shore of the gulf of Smyrna on a small island joined to the mainland by a causeway. The ...
Cleobis

Cleobis  

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The two Argive brothers (see argos ) mentioned by Solon to Croesus, in Herodotus' story, as among the happiest of mortals. Their mother, presumably a priestess of Hera, found that her oxen had not ...
Cresus

Cresus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

the last king of Lydia (Lyde) (c.560–546bc), whose wealth was proverbial. He was defeated

Croesus

Croesus   Quick reference

Percy Neville Ure and Simon Hornblower

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
146 words
last king of Lydia (c.560–546bc), son of Alyattes. He secured the throne after a struggle with a half-Greek half-brother, and completed the subjugation of the Greek cities on the Asia ... More
Croesus

Croesus   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
29 words

King of Lydia in Asia Minor (r. c.560–546 bc). Renowned for his wealth, he was overthrown by

Croesus

Croesus (c.560–546 bc)(last king of *Lydia)   Reference library

Percy Neville Ure and Simon Hornblower

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
206 words
son of *Alyattes. He secured the throne after a struggle with a half-Greek half-brother, and completed the subjugation of the Greek cities on the Asia Minor coast. His subsequent relations ... More
Croesus

Croesus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
(6th century bc), last king of Lydia c. 560–546bc. Renowned for his great wealth, he subjugated the Greek cities on the coast of Asia Minor before being overthrown by Cyrus the ... More
Cyrus

Cyrus  

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Religion
Cyrus (II) “the Great” founded the Persian (Achemenid) empire in 559 BCE and controlled the ancient Near East by the time of his death in 530. “Cyrus” may have been ...
Ephesus

Ephesus  

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Religion
In NT times Ephesus was the capital of the Proconsular Province of Asia and an important commercial centre. It was the scene of important labours of St Paul and traditionally the home of the aged St ...
Greek coinage

Greek coinage  

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DefinitionsCoinage to the Greeks was one of the forms of money available to measure value, store wealth, or facilitate exchange. Coins were made from precious metal such as gold or silver, or from a ...
Halys

Halys  

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(the ‘Salt river’, so called from the salt springs in its upper course), the longest river in Asia Minor (about 1,050 km. (650 miles) in length), now called Kızılırmak, the ...
Herodotus

Herodotus  

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(5th century bc),Greek historian. Known as ‘the Father of History’. He was the first historian to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent, and arrange them in a ...

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