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Biblical Criticism

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Book of Deuteronomy

Book of Deuteronomy  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The last Book of the Pentateuch. It contains Moses' final utterances, consisting essentially of seven mainly legislative and hortatory addresses (including the Ten Commandments); it ends with an ...
Book of Leviticus

Book of Leviticus  

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Overview Page
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Religion
This OT Book consists almost wholly of legislation. Chapters 17–26 form a well-defined unity known as the ‘Holiness Code’ (q.v.). The rest of the Book is not earlier than the 6th cent. bc.
Book of Numbers

Book of Numbers  

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Religion
The bulk of this OT Book narrates the experiences of the Israelites under Moses during their wanderings in the desert. Its English title is explained by its two records of a census (1–4 and 26).
Book of Psalms

Book of Psalms  

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Religion
(Gk., psalmoi, ‘songs accompanied by string music’).The first of the Writings in the Hebrew Bible and nineteenth book in the Christian Old Testament. The Hebrew title is Tehillim (‘songs ...
Claude Montefiore

Claude Montefiore  

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Religion
(1858–1938).English leader of Progressive Judaism. He founded in England a radical form of Reform Judaism, known as Liberal Judaism, which was centred on the Liberal Jewish Synagogue in London. ...
Esau

Esau  

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Religion
The elder son of Isaac and Rebekah (Gen. 25: 26), who forfeited his legal right of inheritance to Jacob, so that Jacob was regarded as the ancestor of the people of Israel (Gen. 32: 28), while Esau ...
Ezra

Ezra  

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Religion
Jewish priest and scribe. His activities are recorded in the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah and 1 Esdras. He took measures to ensure the racial purity and distinctiveness of the Jewish people. The ...
historical criticism

historical criticism  

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Subject:
Religion
Every writing in the OT and NT emerged from a particular social, political, and cultural environment over the course of many centuries, and historical criticism is a modern and tested method of ...
inspiration

inspiration  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Enlargement of the human psyche so as to produce an increase in vision and knowledge of the will of God. Though the actual word ‘inspiration’ is never used in the traditional sources, the idea that ...
Jacob

Jacob  

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Religion
OT Patriarch. The son of Isaac, he deprived his brother Esau of his birthright by an elaborate ruse and fled to Haran in Mesopotamia. On his way back to Canaan he wrestled with a mysterious Divine ...
Joseph Herman Hertz

Joseph Herman Hertz  

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Religion
(1872–1946), chief rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the British empire. Born in Slovakia, Hertz grew up in New York City, where he was the Jewish Theological Seminary of ...
Leopold Zunz

Leopold Zunz  

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Religion
German historian of Judaism (1794–1886). Zunz is rightly considered to be the foremost figure, if not the founder, of the Jüdische Wissenschaft movement, in which Judaism is studied by the ...
Literature, Religious

Literature, Religious  

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Religion
The Pentateuch and the other books of the Bible are the sacred books par excellence for the Jewish religion although, traditionally, the Pentateuch was not treated as a human composition at all and ...
Malbim

Malbim  

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Religion
Acronym of Meir Laib Ben Yehiel Michal, Russian Rabbi and biblical exegete (1809–79). The Malbim occupied a number of Rabbinic positions including the Rabbinate of Bucharest, which post he was ...
Mount Sinai

Mount Sinai  

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Religion
A mountain in the south of the Sinai peninsula in NE Egypt, the place, according to the Bible, where Moses received the Ten Commandments (Exodus 19–34).
Orthodox Judaism

Orthodox Judaism  

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Religion
The trend in Jewish life and thought which accepts without reservation and in its literal sense the doctrine: ‘The Torah is from Heaven.’ The actual term Orthodox is derived from Christian theology ...
palaeography

palaeography  

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Is the study of the history of writing upon papyrus (see papyrology), wax, parchment, and paper, while epigraphy deals with inscriptions carved in hard materials; from it we learn how to read old ...
Pentateuch

Pentateuch  

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Religion
The first five books of the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy), relating the early history of the world and of the Hebrews up to the death of Moses, and including ...
Purim

Purim  

(Heb., ‘lots’).Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of Jews, as recorded in the book of Esther. The feast is celebrated on 14 Adar; it was established by the 2nd cent. CE, and the Mishnah ...
Samuel David Luzzatto

Samuel David Luzzatto  

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Religion
(1800–65).Jewish biblical scholar. In 1829 Luzzatto was appointed professor at the rabbinical college in Padua where he taught the Bible, philosophy, Jewish history, and philology. He was a ...

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