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battle of Bothwell Bridge

battle of Bothwell Bridge  

1679.After the murder in May 1679 of Archbishop James Sharp of St Andrews, a zealous episcopalian, the covenanters rose in the south‐west. They defeated John Graham of Claverhouse (Viscount Dundee) ...
battle of Drumclog

battle of Drumclog  

1679.John Graham (Dundee) of Claverhouse, attempting to disperse a rising of covenanters on 1 June, was sharply repulsed in a skirmish at Drumclog, near Strathaven. The engagement was described by ...
Bishops' Wars

Bishops' Wars  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1639–40)Two brief conflicts over Charles I's attempt to impose Anglicanism on the Scots, and important as a factor leading to the outbreak of the English Civil War. Since 1625 the king had been ...
buildings

buildings  

1. civic and administrative;2. educational;3. industrial and commercial;4. defensive and military.1. civic and administrative;2. educational;3. industrial and commercial;4. defensive and ...
Cameronians

Cameronians  

Known as the ‘Society people’ until 1690, these covenanters of south‐west Scotland followed the extensive field preaching of Richard Cameron (1648–80) and Donald Cargill (c. 1627–81). After Cameron ...
Campbell family

Campbell family  

Originating in Argyll, the Campbells first came to prominence under Robert I (1306–29), already aiding the crown against other Highland families. From 1457, led by the Campbell earls of Argyll ...
Cavalier Parliament

Cavalier Parliament  

(1661–79)The first Parliament in Charles II's reign to be elected by royal writ. Strongly Royalist and Anglican in composition, it contained 100 members from the Long Parliament of Charles I. Its ...
Charles II

Charles II  

(1630–85),king of England, Ireland, and Scotland (acceded 1649, restored 1660–85). Charles received his practical education in 1648–51 when he learnt how to adapt to rapidly changing circumstances, ...
Covenanter

Covenanter   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

an adherent of the National Covenant (1638) or the Solemn League and Covenant (1643), upholding the organization of the Scottish Presbyterian Church....

Covenanters

Covenanters   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
74 words

Scottish Presbyterians pledged by the National Covenant (1638) to uphold their religion. They opposed Charles I's efforts

Covenanters

Covenanters   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Scottish History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
829 words

was the popular term for those who resisted the Restoration church settlement in Scotland. The Restoration regime in Scotland, which

Covenanters

Covenanters   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
41 words

Scottish Presbyterians who expressed their convictions through the signing of covenants. In particular they signed the National Covenant of 1638

Disruption

Disruption  

(1843). The split in the Established Church of Scotland when the Free Church of Scotland was formed by the secession of 474 (out of 1,203) ministers. See also Ten Years' Conflict.
George Mackenzie

George Mackenzie  

(1636–91).‘Bloody Mackenzie’ was a nephew of the 2nd earl of Seaforth [S], briefly secretary of state [S] to Charles II in exile. A lawyer by profession, he opposed the rule of Lauderdale at first ...
James Sharp

James Sharp  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1613–79).Archbishop. Sharp was educated at Aberdeen University and appointed professor of philosophy at St Andrews. At the Restoration he worked closely with Monck and was sent to Breda to negotiate ...
John Campbell

John Campbell  

A Scottish nobleman who was the Commander in Chief of the British armed forces in America in the early stages of the French and Indian War (1754–63) (a post he ...
King's Confession

King's Confession  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Protestant statement of belief drawn up by John Craig in 1581 when it was feared that Popery might be revived in Scotland. It was signed by King James (VI of Scotland); hence its common ...
National Covenant

National Covenant  

(1638). The Covenant of Scottish Presbyterians inaugurated at Edinburgh in answer to the attempt to impose on the Scottish Church the 1637 BCP.
2nd duke of Hamilton, William Hamilton

2nd duke of Hamilton, William Hamilton  

(1616–51).Scottish royalist leader in civil wars. Hamilton was educated at the University of Glasgow, created earl of Lanark in 1639, and made secretary of state for Scotland the following year. He ...
2nd earl of Lauderdale, John Maitland

2nd earl of Lauderdale, John Maitland  

[S] (1616–82).Born to a Lowland territorial base, Lauderdale subscribed to the Scottish National Covenant in 1638 and usually adhered to the nationalist and monarchic persuasions which underlay it. ...

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