Overview

court-packing Plan

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 36 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Black Monday

Black Monday  

Reference type:
Overview Page
19 October 1987, the day on which world stock markets collapsed. In New York the Dow Jones index fell by 23 percent, and significant falls occurred in London and other major stock markets worldwide. ...
Carter v. Carter Coal Co.

Carter v. Carter Coal Co.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
298 U.S. 238 (1936), argued 11, 12 Mar. 1936, decided 18 Mar. 1936 by vote of 5 to 4; Sutherland for the Court, Cardozo, Brandeis, and Stone in dissent, Hughes dissenting in part. The Carter case ...
Charles Evans Hughes

Charles Evans Hughes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948)US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a Baptist preacher, was ...
Charles L. McNary

Charles L. McNary  

Reference type:
Overview Page
• Born: June 12, 1874, Salem, Oreg.• Political party: Republican• Education: Leland Stanford Junior University; studied law• Senator from Oregon: 1917–44• Senate minority leader: 1933–44• Died: Feb. ...
Commerce Power

Commerce Power  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Article 1, Section 8, of the U.S. Constitution gives Congress the power “to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.” Commerce refers ...
Constitutional Commentators

Constitutional Commentators  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
During the debates over the ratification of the Constitution the first great commentators emerged: writing anonymously under the name of Publius in a series of newspaper articles, Alexander Hamilton, ...
Court Curbing

Court Curbing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The American system of government embodies the principle of separation of powers under which three distinct branches are entrusted with overlapping authority, each having what James Madison, writing ...
executive Power

executive Power  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The power of the executive branch of the Commonwealth government is derived from three sources: Constitution s 61; Commonwealth legislation; and common law prerogative powers. Apart from the powers ...
Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1882–1945)US Democratic statesman and thirty-second president of the USA (1933–45). His ‘New Deal’ policies helped US recovery from the economic depression of the 1930s.Born into a prominent New ...
George Sutherland

George Sutherland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Associate Justice, 1922–38• Born: Mar. 25, 1862, Buckinghamshire, England• Education: University of Michigan Law School, 1883• Previous government service: Utah Senate, 1896–1900; U.S. representative ...
Government, United States

Government, United States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The laws of the United States are, with the Constitution itself, the supreme law of the land and take precedence over those of the states. The U.S. Constitution gives Congress ...
Harlan Fiske Stone

Harlan Fiske Stone  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(born Chesterfield, N.H., 11 October 1872; died Washington, D.C., 22 April 1946). He was a legal educator, lawyer, associate justice (1925–41), and chief justice (1941–46) of the U.S. Supreme Court. ...
Helvering v. Davis

Helvering v. Davis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
301 U.S. 619 (1937), argued 5 May 1937, decided 24 May 1937 by vote of 7 to 2; Cardozo for the Court, Butler and McReynolds in dissent. In this case the Court sustained the old-age benefits ...
Hugo Lafayette Black

Hugo Lafayette Black  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1886–1971).Black rose from a locally respectable family in the isolated hill community of Clay County, Alabama, to be among the most significant justices ever to sit on the U.S. ...
Humphrey's Executor v. United States

Humphrey's Executor v. United States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
295 U.S. 602 (1935), argued 1 May 1935, decided 27 May 1935 by vote of 9 to o; Sutherland for the Court. In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt removed a conservative member of the Federal Trade ...
James Francis Byrnes

James Francis Byrnes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. 2 May 1882, d. 24 Jan. 1972).US Secretary of State 1945–7 From a modest background in Charleston, South Carolina, he trained as a lawyer and built up a practice to become a public prosecutor in ...
John H. Clarke

John H. Clarke  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Associate Justice, 1916–22• Born: Sept. 18, 1857, New Lisbon, Ohio• Education: Western Reserve University, B.A., 1877; M.A., 1880• Previous government service: federal judge, U.S. District Court for ...
Joseph T. Robinson

Joseph T. Robinson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
• Born: Aug. 26, 1872, Lonoke, Ark.• Political party: Democrat• Education: University of Arkansas; law department of the University of Virginia• Representative from Arkansas: 1903–13• Senator from ...
judicial review

judicial review  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
1 The principal means by which the High Court exercises supervision over public authorities in accordance with the doctrine of * ultra vires. The power of the High Court to exercise judicial review ...
justices of the Supreme Court

justices of the Supreme Court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
There are nine seats on the U.S. Supreme Court: one chief justice and eight associate justices. The number of justices is set by Congress. The Judiciary Act of 1789 created ...

View: