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Adalard of Corbie

Adalard of Corbie  

(751–826)A cousin of Charlemagne, Adalard was raised at court with his brother Wala. He retired to Corbie where, after a stay at Monte Cassino, he returned as abbot (780). ...
Adalbert of Prague

Adalbert of Prague  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(956–97),bishop and missionary martyr. Born at Libice (Bohemia) of a princely family, he was educated by Adalbert of Magdeburg. On the latter's death he returned to Prague, the proud possessor of a ...
advocate

advocate  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.1 One who exercises a right of audience and argues a case for a client in legal proceedings. In magistrates' courts, the county courts, tribunals, coroners' courts, and the European courts both ...
advocate, advocacy

advocate, advocacy  

From the Merovingian period, rulers granted churches an Immunity that protected them from the management and intervention of royal agents. Following a formula soon stereotyped, the latter were ...
Agobard

Agobard  

(c.769–840), Abp. of Lyons from 816. He was a versatile scholar. He attacked the excessive veneration of images, trial by ordeal, and belief in witchcraft. He also wrote against the Adoptionist views ...
Ailred of Rievaulx

Ailred of Rievaulx  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1110–67),known as the ‘St Bernard of the North’, was the leading figure in the Cistercian order in England in the mid‐12th cent. The son of a priest of Hexham (Northd.), he entered the abbey of ...
al- Bīrūnī

al- Bīrūnī  

(973 - after 1050)One of the greatest scholars of the Muslim world, born in Khwārizm and died at Ghazna soon after 1050. He was interested in History, Mathematics, astronomy ...
Alcuin

Alcuin  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(c. 735–804)English scholar and theologian. In 782 was employed by Emperor Charlemagne as head of his palace school at Aachen, where his pupils included many of the outstanding figures in the ...
Alessandro Striggio

Alessandro Striggio  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Mantua, 1535; d Mantua, 1592).It. composer. Prin. composer at court of Medicis in Florence in 1560s, writing intermedi for ceremonial occasions. Visited Eng. as political emissary 1567. Wrote ...
Alessandro Tassoni

Alessandro Tassoni  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1565–1635)Italian poet, philosopher, historian, politician, and member of several learned Academies. He joined the entourage of Cardinal Ascanio Sforza in Rome (1597) and later became a court ...
Alexander II, Pope

Alexander II, Pope  

(c.1010/1015–1073)Anselmo da Baggio, the son of a leading Milanese family, was educated from his youth at Milan cathedral. In 1056, thanks to the support of the Emperor Henry III ...
Alexander IV, Pope

Alexander IV, Pope  

(c.1185–1261)Reginald was a son of Philip, lord of Jenne, with possessions at Subiaco and in the diocese of Anagni. According to Matthew Paris, he was the nephew of Pope ...
Alfred the Great

Alfred the Great  

(849–99)King of Wessex (871–99). Alfred's military resistance saved south‐west England from Viking occupation. He negotiated the treaty giving the Danelaw to the Norsemen (886). A great reformer, he ...
Angelo Poliziano

Angelo Poliziano  

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Overview Page
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Literature
 (1454–94) Florentine humanist, the foremost vernacular poet and classical scholar of his day.A Medici protégé, he had easy access to ancient literature; through intense study of it he made ...
Anglo-Norman

Anglo-Norman  

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Literature
Designating the French language as spoken and written in the British Isles from the Norman Conquest until the 14th cent. It was a western type of French which, transplanted to Britain, developed ...
Ani

Ani  

Capital of Bagratid Armenia (991–1045) and seat of the catholicos after 991, Ani was situated on the right bank of the Aχurean, a northern tributary of the Araxes.Enriched by ...
Annibale Caro

Annibale Caro  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1507–66).Writer, translator, critic, and academician. Born and educated in Civitanova Marche, he moved to Florence in 1525 as tutor to Lorenzo Lenzi, curtailing his own studies but coming into ...
Antonio Cornazano

Antonio Cornazano  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(also Cornazzano; born c.1430 in Piacenza, Italy, died December 1484 in Ferrara), Italian dancing master, theorist, humanist, and statesman. Cornazano came from one of Piacenza's leading noble ...
Antonio da Ferrara

Antonio da Ferrara  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1315–before 1374).Ferrarese poet, whose father was probably a butcher (beccaio). He moved between various Northern Italian courts, having a somewhat ambiguous status between courtier and giullare. ...
Antonio Tebaldeo

Antonio Tebaldeo  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1463–1537),Italian poet, born in Ferrara, where his responsibilities in the Este court included serving as a tutor to Isabella d' Este and acting as personal secretary to Lucrezia Borgia. ...

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