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advocate

advocate  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.1 One who exercises a right of audience and argues a case for a client in legal proceedings. In magistrates' courts, the county courts, tribunals, coroners' courts, and the European courts both ...
bailiff

bailiff  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The officer in a Magistrates' Court with duties similar to those of the sheriff in higher courts, to whom a writ of execution (equivalent to writ of fieri facias in higher courts) is addressed.[...]
bankruptcy

bankruptcy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.The state of a person who has been adjudged by a court to be insolvent. The court orders the compulsory administration of a bankrupt's affairs so that his assets can be fairly distributed among his ...
bankruptcy petition

bankruptcy petition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The originating process by which a debtor is made bankrupt (with the end result that the court makes a sequestration order of the bankrupt's estate).
circuit judge

circuit judge  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Any of the judges appointed under the provisions of the Courts Act 1971 from among those who have had a ten-year Crown Court or county court advocacy qualification, or who are recorders, or who have ...
civil court

civil court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A court exercising jurisdiction over civil rather than criminal cases. In England the principal civil courts of first instance are the county courts and the High Court. Magistrates' courts have ...
Civil Procedure Rules

Civil Procedure Rules  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(CPR)A procedural code that was enacted in 1998 and revoked the Rules of the Supreme Court with effect from 26 April 1999. The Rules, a result of the reforms proposed by Lord Woolf'sAccess to Justice ...
county

county  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The county (otherwise the shire) was the main unit of provincial government in England from before the Norman Conquest until modern times. Domesday Book (1086) describes 32 shires. Five of these were ...
Court of Appeal

Court of Appeal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A court created by the Judicature Acts 1873–75, forming part of the Supreme Court of Judicature. The Court exercises appellate jurisdiction over all judgments and orders of the High Court and most ...
court of record

court of record  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A court whose acts and judicial proceedings are permanently maintained and recorded. In modern practice the principal significance of such courts is that they have the power to punish for contempt of ...
Court of Requests

Court of Requests  

A minor court of equity. It was originally a committee of the king's council, set up in the reign of Henry VII to hear ‘poor men's causes’ and causes involving ...
Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme

Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A state scheme for awarding payments from public funds to victims who have sustained criminal injury, on the same basis as civil damages would be awarded (see also compensation). Damage to property ...
extortionate credit bargains

extortionate credit bargains  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A bargain that requires the debtor or a relative to make payments that are grossly exorbitant or otherwise grossly contravene ordinary principles of fair dealing under ss 137 to 140 of the Consumer ...
family proceedings

family proceedings  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
All court proceedings under the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court that deal with matters relating to the welfare of children (see welfare principle). Before 1989 the court's powers to make ...
inferior court

inferior court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A court below the level of the intermediate court in the particular jurisdiction's court hierarchy, and subject to judicial review in the same manner as an administrative tribunal or other statutory ...
Mayor's and City of London Court

Mayor's and City of London Court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A court formed in 1922 by the amalgamation of the Mayor's Court and the City of London Court. It had an unlimited civil jurisdiction over matters arising within the City. The Court was abolished by ...
Patents County Court

Patents County Court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A county court designated by the Lord Chancellor under the Copyright, Design and Patents Act 1988 to exercise a special jurisdiction in cases relating to patents and designs. The Patents County Court ...
procurator fiscal

procurator fiscal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
In Scotland, an officer of the sheriff court (roughly equivalent to the English county court). Appointed by the Lord Advocate, he must be a qualified advocate or solicitor. His duties include ...
right of audience

right of audience  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The right of an advocate to be heard in legal proceedings. Barristers have full rights of audience in all courts. Traditionally, solicitors only appeared in the county courts and magistrates' courts ...
Summons Production Centre

Summons Production Centre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(SPC)An organization within the administrative structure of the county courts system for the production of summonses issued by large-scale users of the county court, particularly public utilities. It ...

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