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arsenals and navies

arsenals and navies  

An arsenal consisted of a yard for shipbuilding, a repair shop, a magazine for storing detached pieces and disarmed hulls, and a workshop for making armaments, as well as sails ...
byssus

byssus  

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(βύσσος, prob.=Akkad. būṣu, Hebrew būṣ), a conspicuously fine fibre, normally of plant origin. Aeschylus (Septem contra Thebas 1039; Persae 125) mentions fine tunics of βύσσος, probably linen (flax) ...
canvas

canvas  

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A woven cloth used as a support for painting. The best-quality canvas is made of linen; other materials used are cotton, hemp, and jute. It is now so familiar a material that the word ‘canvas’ has ...
clothing and costume

clothing and costume  

Clothing in the long medieval period varied widely, as did other aspects of material culture, and was determined by geographic locale, local political structure, and one’s social group. Based on ...
cotton

cotton  

As a trade crop or fabric; Cottonopolis was a nickname for the city of Manchester, in NW England, once a centre of the British cotton trade, and King Cotton was cotton as the dominant commercial crop ...
crafts.

crafts.  

Numerous crafts and industries developed during the medieval period, including textiles, the hide and leather industry, mining and metal processing, woodworking crafts of various kinds, food ...
factory

factory  

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History
The original meaning was trading station, the place of work of a company's factors. The change took place in the 19th century when cotton ‘manufactories’ became known by the shortened form.[...]
Factory Acts

Factory Acts  

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History
(in the UK) a series of laws regulating the operation of factories, designed to improve the working conditions of employees, especially women and children. The most important was that of 1833, which ...
fibre

fibre  

n. 1. (in anatomy) a threadlike structure, such as a muscle cell, a nerve fibre, or a collagen fibre. 2. (in dietetics) see dietary fibre. —fibrous adj.1. (in anatomy) a threadlike structure, such as ...
Italy and Sicily

Italy and Sicily  

The authority of the last western Roman emperor, Romulus Augustus, did not extend beyond the Italian peninsula. The rivalry between him and Odoacer, of an east Germanic tribe and a ...
plantation

plantation  

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An estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are grown, especially in former colonies and as once worked by slaves.plantation song a song of the kind formerly sung by black slaves on ...
spinning

spinning  

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Overview Page
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History
The spinning of yarn was traditionally a woman's domestic employment. Spinning was mechanized during the late 18th century, long before weaving. Women and children formed most of the workforce of the ...
textile

textile  

For the greater part of the Middle Ages, historical documents mention textiles only in the context of exchanges, gifts between rulers and especially commerce. From the 13th c., trade regulations ...
underwear

underwear  

Undergarments were similar for people across class and gender. Men, women, and children all wore the knee-length, washable chemise (undershirt) of linen or cotton with long sleeves and a full ...

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