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arsenals and navies

arsenals and navies  

An arsenal consisted of a yard for shipbuilding, a repair shop, a magazine for storing detached pieces and disarmed hulls, and a workshop for making armaments, as well as sails ...
byssus

byssus  

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Overview Page
(βύσσος, prob.=Akkad. būṣu, Hebrew būṣ), a conspicuously fine fibre, normally of plant origin. Aeschylus (Septem contra Thebas 1039; Persae 125) mentions fine tunics of βύσσος, probably linen (flax) ...
canvas

canvas  

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Overview Page
A woven cloth used as a support for painting. The best-quality canvas is made of linen; other materials used are cotton, hemp, and jute. It is now so familiar a material that the word ‘canvas’ has ...
clothing and costume

clothing and costume  

Clothing in the long medieval period varied widely, as did other aspects of material culture, and was determined by geographic locale, local political structure, and one’s social group. Based on ...
Cotton

Cotton   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,566 words
Illustration(s):
1

Fibre made from the long, soft hairs (lint) surrounding the seeds of the cotton plant (Gossypium). Indigenous to

Cotton

Cotton   Reference library

William G. Moseley

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,837 words
Illustration(s):
1
Cotton is a fiber obtained from the plant Gossypium spp. There is archaeological evidence suggesting that the cotton plant was independently domesticated in both India and Mexico. Cotton ... More
cotton

cotton   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
168 words

Raw cotton originally came to Britain from the Levant into London, then during the second quarter of the 17th century

cotton

cotton   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
27 words

Annual shrub native to subtropical regions. Most cotton is grown for the fibres that envelop the seeds and are made

cotton

cotton   Reference library

Stephanie Mary Dalley

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
173 words

is first attested from excavations in the Indus valley for the early second millennium bc; cotton plants were imported into ...

cotton

cotton   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
250 words

In the wake of the Islamic conquests, cotton weaving and the cultivation of the cotton plant (Gossypium herbaceum)

Cotton

Cotton   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,884 words

Fibre made from the long, soft hairs (lint) surrounding the seeds of the cotton plant (Gossypium). In the

cotton

cotton  

As a trade crop or fabric; Cottonopolis was a nickname for the city of Manchester, in NW England, once a centre of the British cotton trade, and King Cotton was cotton as the dominant commercial crop ...
Cotton

Cotton   Reference library

David G. Surdam

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,981 words
Illustration(s):
1
the seed-hair fiber from a variety of plants of the genus Gossypium. The plant produces seedpods, known as cotton bolls. Seed hairs, or fibers, grow from the skin of the seedpod, which ... More
crafts.

crafts.  

Numerous crafts and industries developed during the medieval period, including textiles, the hide and leather industry, mining and metal processing, woodworking crafts of various kinds, food ...
factory

factory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The original meaning was trading station, the place of work of a company's factors. The change took place in the 19th century when cotton ‘manufactories’ became known by the shortened form.[...]
Factory Acts

Factory Acts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(in the UK) a series of laws regulating the operation of factories, designed to improve the working conditions of employees, especially women and children. The most important was that of 1833, which ...
fibre

fibre  

n. 1. (in anatomy) a threadlike structure, such as a muscle cell, a nerve fibre, or a collagen fibre. 2. (in dietetics) see dietary fibre. —fibrous adj.1. (in anatomy) a threadlike structure, such as ...
Italy and Sicily

Italy and Sicily  

The authority of the last western Roman emperor, Romulus Augustus, did not extend beyond the Italian peninsula. The rivalry between him and Odoacer, of an east Germanic tribe and a ...
plantation

plantation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are grown, especially in former colonies and as once worked by slaves.plantation song a song of the kind formerly sung by black slaves on ...
spinning

spinning  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The spinning of yarn was traditionally a woman's domestic employment. Spinning was mechanized during the late 18th century, long before weaving. Women and children formed most of the workforce of the ...

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