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Ahl al-Mantalka

Ahl al-Mantalka  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Arab., ‘people of the girdle’).Copts and Syrian Jacobites, so called as a mark of humility (cf. HABIT, RELIGIOUS), but also as a sign of humiliation, from the Muslim insistence ...
Amba

Amba  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Title of the Christian Coptic patriarch.
Amr ibn al-As

Amr ibn al-As  

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Religion
(d. ca. 663)Conqueror and governor of Egypt. Invaded Egypt from Hijaz in 639; established control over the whole country in 642. Founded Fustat as capital instead of Alexandria. Replaced as governor ...
baldachin

baldachin  

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Religion
A ceremonial canopy of stone, metal, or fabric over an altar, throne, or doorway. Recorded from the late 16th century (denoting a rich brocade of silk and gold thread) the word comes ultimately from ...
baptistery

baptistery  

A structure or a space containing the water font used for baptism. The early Christian baptistery was a more or less separate edifice, which might be connected to the church ...
Basil, Liturgy of St

Basil, Liturgy of St  

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Religion
This liturgy exists in two forms, of which the earlier and shorter is the ordinary liturgy of the Coptic Church. This form has served as a model for modern Eucharistic Prayers, notably the Third ...
Bohairic

Bohairic  

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Religion
One of the principal dialects of Coptic; the name, from the Arabic ‘Bohaïrah’, indicates an origin in the northern part of the Nile Delta. The former popular designation of this ...
Byzantine chant

Byzantine chant  

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Music
The plainchant of the Byzantine rite. Originating in late antique Constantinople and Palestine, it has continued to develop until the present day. Medieval Byzantine chant underlies Russian and ...
Christian architecture

Christian architecture  

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Overview Page
Shows a greater variety of architectural form than any other world religion, perhaps because of its more numerous internal dissensions, and perhaps because these have usually been given architectural ...
Coptic

Coptic  

[Ge]The language of ancient Egypt written in Greek letters with the addition of a few characters from the Demotic script. In art the term applies to forms and designs developed by Egyptians after the ...
Diocletianic Era

Diocletianic Era  

The reckoning of time from the year of Diocletian's accession (ad 284). It is also known as the ‘Era of the Martyrs’.
Dioscorus

Dioscorus  

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Religion
(d. 454), Patr. of Alexandria from 444. He supported Eutyches and in 449 presided over the ‘Latrocinium’ at Ephesus, in which Flavian, Bp. of Constantinople, was deposed. After the reversal of ...
Ethiopian Church

Ethiopian Church  

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Religion
One of the Oriental Orthodox Churches. Christianity was introduced into Ethiopia in the 4th cent. by St Frumentius (q.v.) and Edesius of Tyre, and in the early 6th cent. the kingdom of Axum in N. ...
Holy Sepulchre

Holy Sepulchre  

Dedicated in 1149, the crusader church of the Holy Sepulchre in the northwest of Jerusalem encompasses the Constantinian basilica of 336, the shrine of Golgotha, and the domed rotunda of ...
Liturgy of St Mark

Liturgy of St Mark  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The traditional Greek Eucharistic Liturgy of the Church of Alexandria, formerly used by the Egyptian Melchites. Behind the various forms lies a primitive local Egyptian text in which the great ...
Oriental Orthodox Churches

Oriental Orthodox Churches  

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Religion
A modern name for those Churches (Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian, and Syrian Orthodox) which rejected the Christological teaching of the Definition of Chalcedon. It distinguishes these Churches from the ...
Pope

Pope  

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Religion
(Lat. papa, ‘father’). In the W. Church the title is now restricted to the Bp. of Rome in respect of his capacity as supreme head on earth of the universal Church; in early times it was used of any ...
Prester John

Prester John  

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History
(from Greek presbyter, ‘priest’)A legendary Christian ruler to whom successive generations of Crusaders looked for help against the growing power of Islam. First mentioned in a 12th-century German ...
St Alexander

St Alexander  

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Religion
(d. 328), Bp. of Alexandria from 312. He was concerned in putting down the Melitian and Arian schisms. He excommunicated Arius, one of his presbyters, c.321, and took a leading part in the Council of ...
St Frumentius

St Frumentius  

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Religion
(c.300–c.380), ‘Apostle of the Ethiopians’. According to Rufinus, he was captured by ‘barbarians’ on his way back from ‘India’, taken before his captors' king, and helped in governing the country. He ...

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