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admiralty and Maritime Law

admiralty and Maritime Law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Article 3, Section 2, of the U.S. Constitution says, “The judicial Power shall extend … to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction.” Admiralty or maritime law pertains to ships ...
Bankruptcy and Insolvency Legislation

Bankruptcy and Insolvency Legislation  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
When the framers of the Constitution provided in Article I, section 8, that Congress be empowered to establish “uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States,” they ...
Calder v. Bull

Calder v. Bull  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
3 Dall. (3 U.S.) 386 (1798), argued 8 and 13 Feb. 1798, decided 8 Aug. 1798 by vote of 4 to o; seriatim opinions by Chase, Paterson, Iredell, and Cushing, Ellsworth and Wilson not participating. ...
Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge

Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
• 11 Pet. 420 (1837)• Vote: 4–3• For the Court: Taney• Dissenting: McLean, Story, and ThompsonIn 1828, the state government of Massachusetts granted a charter, or permit, for construction of ...
Constitution of the United States

Constitution of the United States  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The basic written set of principles and precedents of federal government in the US, which came into operation in 1789 and has since been modified by twenty-six amendments.Constitution State an ...
Contract Law

Contract Law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
One of the eleven core subjects a law student must pass to qualify as a candidate for admission to practise law. See Priestley eleven.The principles of contract law govern ...
Corporations

Corporations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Corporation law has traditionally been the domain of state legislatures and state courts, although nothing in the Constitution prohibits a federal role in corporate governance. The influence of the ...
Dartmouth College v. Woodward

Dartmouth College v. Woodward  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
• 4 Wheat. 518 (1819)• Vote: 5–1• For the Court: Marshall• Concurring: Story and Washington• Dissenting: Duvall• 4 Wheat. 518 (1819)• Vote: 5–1• For the Court: Marshall[...]
Dodge v. Woolsey

Dodge v. Woolsey  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
18 How. (59 U.S.) 331 (1856), argued 6 Feb. 1856, decided 8 Apr. 1856 by vote of 6 to 3; Wayne for the Court, Campbell, Catron, and Daniel in dissent. In 1845 the Ohio legislature enacted a general ...
Due Process

Due Process  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The administration of justice in accordance with established rules and principles. This cardinal principle of limited government of great antiquity is embedded in clause 39 of Magna Carta (1215). ‘No ...
Fletcher v. Peck

Fletcher v. Peck  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
• 6 Cranch 87 (1810)• Vote: 4–1• For the Court: Marshall• Dissenting: Johnson in part• 6 Cranch 87 (1810)• Vote: 4–1• For the Court: Marshall• Dissenting: Johnson in part[...]
George Sutherland

George Sutherland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Associate Justice, 1922–38• Born: Mar. 25, 1862, Buckinghamshire, England• Education: University of Michigan Law School, 1883• Previous government service: Utah Senate, 1896–1900; U.S. representative ...
Gold Clause Cases

Gold Clause Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1935), common collective name for three companion cases of the New Deal era: Norman v. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co., 294 U.S. 240; Nortz v. United States, 294 U.S. 317; and Perry v. United States, ...
Green v. Biddle

Green v. Biddle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
8 Wheat. (21 U.S.) 1 (1823), argued 16 Feb. 1821, decided 5 Mar. 1821 by vote of 6 to 0; Story for the Court, Washington absent. Motion for rehearing 12 Mar. 1821, reargued 8–11 Mar. 1822; decided 27 ...
Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell

Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
290 U.S. 398 (1934), argued 8 and 9 Nov. 1933, decided 8 June 1934 by vote of 5 to 4; Hughes for the Court, Sutherland, Butler, McReynolds, and Van Devanter in dissent. The Court's decision in Home ...
John Marshall

John Marshall  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1755–1835), chief justice of the United States, 1801–35, was born on September 24, 1755, in Fauquier [then Prince William] County, Virginia.He was the eldest of fifteen children of Thomas ...
judicial activism

judicial activism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A pejorative expression used to describe a heavy use of discretionary powers (see judicial discretion), often with the suggestion that the judges have a political agenda. Judicial departure from ...
Judiciary Act of 1789

Judiciary Act of 1789  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Article 3 of the U.S. Constitution provides for a Supreme Court to exercise the “judicial Power of the United States.” It also empowers Congress to provide through legislation “such inferior ...
Land Grants

Land Grants  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
From the beginning of European settlement in America, land was the principal basis of wealth. Successive governments assumed ownership and distributed much land for private settlement and ...
Legal Tender Cases

Legal Tender Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Collective name for three cases of the 1870s: Hepburn v. Griswold, 75 U.S. 603 (1870), argued 10 Dec. 1869, decided 7 Feb. 1870 by vote of 4 to 3, Chase for the Court, Miller in dissent; and Knox v. ...

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