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Gasparo Contarini

(1483—1542)

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Bernardino Ochino

Bernardino Ochino  

(1487–1564),Italian Protestant reformer, born in Siena, where he entered the austere Order of Observantine Friars, a reformed Franciscan religious order. He became general of his Order, but in 1534 ...
Conference of Ratisbon

Conference of Ratisbon  

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Religion
(1541). A conference of three Catholic and three Protestant theologians convened by Charles V at Ratisbon (Regensburg). Though doctrinal agreement was reached on some subjects, including a basis of ...
Conference of Regensburg

Conference of Regensburg  

Formerly known in English as the Conference of Ratisbon (from Latin Ratisbona). The city of Regensburg was an important imperial residence, and so was the setting of many imperial diets. ...
Consilium De Emendanda Ecclesia

Consilium De Emendanda Ecclesia  

The report of 1537 bears the full title of “Proposal of a Select Commission of Cardinals and Other Prelates Concerning the Reform of the Church, Written and Presented by the ...
double justice

double justice  

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Religion
A distinction between two kinds of righteousness drawn by some 16th-cent. theologians in an attempt to explain the mystery of justification. The traditional distinction between the justice (or ...
Evangelism

Evangelism  

Is the name given to a distinctive religious movement among Italians of the sixteenth century, significant especially during the 1530s and 1540s. It is not easily defined since it has ...
Johann Gropper

Johann Gropper  

(1503–59), theologian. After attending a synod (1536) called by Hermann, Abp. of Cologne, to combat the teaching of the Reformers, Gropper drew up an Enchiridion in which he put forward an early form ...
Julius von Pflug

Julius von Pflug  

(1499–1564), Bp. of Naumburg. His humanistic sympathies made him eager for peace with the Protestants, and to this end he took part in several conferences. He was ready to tolerate a married clergy ...
justification

justification  

In dogmatic theology, the event or process by which a person is made or declared to be righteous in the sight of God. The Latin justificare, from which the English word derives, etymologically ...
myth of Venice

myth of Venice  

A belief, widespread amongst European intellectuals, that fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Venice represented a republican ideal of stability and justice. The republican institutions of Venice were ...
Paul III

Paul III  

(1468–1549), Pope from 1534. In his personal life Alessandro Farnese was a typical Renaissance Pope, but he promoted the inner reform of the Church. He created as cardinals men of virtue and ...
Pietro Pomponazzi

Pietro Pomponazzi  

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Philosophy
(1462–1525)Italian Aristotelian. Originally qualified in medicine, Pomponazzi taught philosophy in Padua and then Bologna, where in 1516 he published the Tractatus de immortalitate animae, a denial ...
Reginald Pole

Reginald Pole  

(1500–58)English cardinal and Archbishop of Canterbury. He held a Yorkist claim to the throne of England through his mother, the Countess of Salisbury. This high birth, combined with his devotion to ...

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