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Constitution of the United States

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Abington School District v. Schempp

Abington School District v. Schempp  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
• 374 U.S. 203 (1963)• Vote: 8–1• For the Court: Clark• Concurring: Brennan, Douglas, and Goldberg• Dissenting: Stewart• 374 U.S. 203 (1963)• Vote: 8–1• For the Court: Clark[...]
Ableman v. Booth; United States v. Booth

Ableman v. Booth; United States v. Booth  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
21 How. (62 U.S.) 506 (1859), argued 19 Jan. 1859, decided 7 Mar. 1859 by vote of 9 to 0; Taney for the Court. In the spring of 1854, Benjamin S. Garland, a slaveowner from Missouri, went to ...
Adkins v. Children's Hospital

Adkins v. Children's Hospital  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1923).During the early twentieth century, Progressives sought to ameliorate the consequences of industrialization by enacting minimum wage laws. Conservatives and business groups challenged these ...
admiralty and Maritime Law

admiralty and Maritime Law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Article 3, Section 2, of the U.S. Constitution says, “The judicial Power shall extend … to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction.” Admiralty or maritime law pertains to ships ...
Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton  

(c. 1757–1804)US Federalist politician. He served under George Washington as First Secretary of the Treasury (1789–95) and established the US central banking system. Hamilton was a prime mover behind ...
American Anti-Slavery Society

American Anti-Slavery Society  

The American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS) was founded in 1833 by a small group of radicals calling for the immediate abolition of slavery. The leading spirit was William Lloyd Garrison, whose ...
American Bar Association

American Bar Association  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The American Bar Association (ABA) was founded in 1878 in Saratoga Springs, New York, as a voluntary, national organization of the legal profession. Its initial membership totaled 289 lawyers, and ...
American Civil Liberties Union

American Civil Liberties Union  

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Overview Page
(‘ACLU’)The ACLU is a non‐profit, non‐partisan organization dedicated to defending the United States Bill of Rights. The organization boasts over 500,000 members and maintains a fifty‐state network ...
American Revolution

American Revolution  

When Great Britain virtually eliminated the French from North America with the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Seven Years' War, it was expected that one of the major benefits ...
Anti-imperialist League.

Anti-imperialist League.  

Founded in 1899 to oppose U.S. annexation of the Philippines following the Spanish-American War, the Anti-imperialist League was the largest lobbying organization on a U.S. foreign-policy issue ...
Antislavery Movement

Antislavery Movement  

Frederick Douglass was perhaps the perfect embodiment of the American antislavery movement. As a young slave on a large Maryland plantation, he rebelled both physically and psychologically against ...
Appointment and Removal Power

Appointment and Removal Power  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The Constitution of the United States contains two references to the appointment and removal power. Article II, section 2 provides that the president, “by and with the advice and consent ...
Arms, Right to Bear

Arms, Right to Bear  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Three questions are raised by the somewhat mysterious words of the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State ...
Articles of Confederation

Articles of Confederation  

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Overview Page
On 7 June 1776, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia moved in the Second Continental Congress that the thirteen American colonies declare their independence from Great Britain, and that Congress establish ...
assembly and association

assembly and association  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Freedom of assembly and association is indispensable to self-government. Assembly is a public act by a group to convey a message; association is often an element of assembly, but it ...
bicameral

bicameral  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Unlike the single-body Congress under the Articles of Confederation, the U.S. Congress is bicameral (from the Latin bi, meaning “two,” and camera, meaning “chamber”). Congress consists of two ...
Bill of Rights

Bill of Rights  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1791)The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the USA. The constitutional arrangements of 1787 were assumed to guarantee human and civil rights, but omission of specific rights led to ...
Black Abolitionists

Black Abolitionists  

Historians acknowledge the existence of “two abolitionisms” in the antebellum United States—one black, one white. Although black and white abolitionists shared similar views about the moral evil of ...
Census, Federal.

Census, Federal.  

The decennial population census originated in the 1787 federal Constitution as a mechanism for determining each state's political representation in the House of Representatives and electoral college. ...
Charles Beard

Charles Beard  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1874–1948),historian and educator, after graduating from DePauw University (1898) attended Oxford, where he founded Ruskin College (1899) to train labor leaders, and became professor of political ...

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