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consequentialism

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absolutism, moral

absolutism, moral  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
The view that certain kinds of actions are always wrong or are always obligatory, whatever the consequences. Typical candidates for such absolute principles would be that it is always wrong ...
acts and omissions

acts and omissions  

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Subject:
Law
The moral distinction between acts and omissions amounts to the claim that there is a morally significant difference between a particular action and a corresponding failure to act, even though ...
agent-relative moralities

agent-relative moralities  

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Philosophy
Typical agent-relative moral principles forbid us from committing one murder even if by not doing so we permit five to occur, and allow us to spend income on our friends ...
British philosophy today

British philosophy today  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
Most (although not all) of the philosophy practised in Britain today is firmly within the tradition of analytic philosophy, a tradition shared with North America, South Africa, and Australia (and ...
cost-benefit analysis

cost-benefit analysis  

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A study of the relationship between the service or production costs and the health gain achieved for an individual or group.
David Adrian Lloyd Thomas

David Adrian Lloyd Thomas  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1932–)David Lloyd Thomas was born in Australia. He was educated at Box Hill High School and Melbourne High School before reading philosophy at Melbourne University. After holding temporary posts ...
deontological ethics

deontological ethics  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
Ethics based on the notion of a duty, or what is right, or rights, as opposed to ethical systems based on the idea of achieving some good state of affairs (see consequentialism) or the qualities of ...
deontology

deontology  

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1. a theoretical approach to ethical questions in which moral obligation is seen as arising from certain unvarying rules and principles, which are universal, i.e. they should be followed irrespective ...
Derek Parfit

Derek Parfit  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1942– )English philosopher. Parfit was born in China, and educated at Balliol College, Oxford. In 1967 he gained a Fellowship at All Souls College, Oxford, and has subsequently worked at Oxford, New ...
desert

desert  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The term denotes the idea that how a person ought to be treated depends on a fact about their actions, or their character: a proportioning of happiness to virtue, or unhappiness to vice. Treating ...
doctrine of double effect

doctrine of double effect  

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The doctrine that where a single action will forseeably have both a good and a bad outcome, a person may perform this action provided that (a) he intends only the good outcome, (b) the bad outcome is ...
ends and means

ends and means  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The end of an action is that for the sake of which it is performed; the means is the way in which the end is to be achieved. The distinction arises in connection with various moral principles (you ...
ethics (Post-Ayer)

ethics (Post-Ayer)  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
British moral philosophy in the late twentieth century is marked by four major interrelated events: reaction to emotivism, the resurgence of consequentialism and virtue ethics, recognition of moral ...
future generations

future generations  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The ethical problem of thinking about our responsibility to future generations is compounded by the fact that it is we who create those generations, and we can determine, in principle, how many lives ...
Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe

Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe  

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Philosophy
(1919–2000)English philosopher. Educated at St Hugh's College, Oxford, where she read classics and philosophy (Greats), Anscombe graduated in 1941, in which year she married the philosopher P. T. ...
good

good  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
As an adjectival modifier of a noun it is widely accepted that ‘good’ is attributive: a good hammer is so in virtue of different qualities from a good dinner. However, there seems room to say that ...
happiness

happiness  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
All ethical theories accord some importance to human happiness. They differ first in their conception of what that happiness consists in, secondly in views of how an agent's own personal happiness is ...
James Griffin

James Griffin  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1933– ).Moral philosopher best known for work on well-being, interpersonal comparison of well-being, and consequentialism. His first book was Wittgenstein's Logical Atomism (Oxford, 1964). In ...
John Randolph Lucas

John Randolph Lucas  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1929–)John Randolph Lucas was born in London on 19 September 1929, the son of a clergyman who became Archdeacon of Durham. He was educated at Winchester and Balliol College ...
Jonathan Francis Bennett

Jonathan Francis Bennett  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1930– ).Historian of philosophy, philosopher of language, and metaphysician, noted for his work on Kant, Spinoza, and the British Empiricists, as well as on rationality, linguistic convention, ...

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