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conscience

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ars moriendi

ars moriendi  

A late medieval compilation of texts (prayers, maxims, exhortations, and so on), intended as a guide for the comforting and counselling of the dying; it was issued as a block ...
authority

authority  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The power or right to persuade individuals or groups to obey precepts or recommendations. In the State, the coercive power of the government can ensure compliance, and when the Church was identified ...
business ethics

business ethics  

Is the application of ethical reasoning to the situation of business organizations, including their role as employers. It is a growing field of academic research and teaching in university business ...
casuistry

casuistry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
n.1. an approach to ethical analysis that is based on cases as distinct from principle-dependent or rule-based methods of evaluating moral problems. 2. an excessively subtle or opaque form of ...
Charles VII

Charles VII  

(1403–61)King of France (1422–61). During his youth France was badly ruled by his father Charles the Mad and much territory was lost. Internal quarrels and war with England dominated his reign. At ...
confessors' manuals

confessors' manuals  

The first medieval confessors' manual is generally considered to be Alan of Lille's Liber paenitentialis at the end of the 12th century. Chronologically, confessors' manuals followed the Penitentials ...
Conscience

Conscience   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
322 words

(συνείδησις), a term rarely found in ancient philosophy. Taken literally, syneidesis originally meant personal knowledge or understanding shared with another;

conscience

conscience   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
172 words

The modern understanding of conscience as a faculty by which past actions or dispositions are assessed or future actions evaluated,

conscience

conscience   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
A person's sense of right and wrong, which constrains behaviour and causes feelings of guilt if its demands are not met. These moral strictures are believed to be learnt through ... More
conscience

conscience   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
170 words

By ‘conscience’ is meant the sense of right and wrong in an individual; described variously by philosophers as a reflection

conscience

conscience   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
507 words

The word conscientia, among the medievals, was limited to the ethical domain properly so called, in contrast to the

conscience

conscience   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
a clean conscience is a good pillow there are a number of traditional ways of expressing the notion that a clear conscience enables its possessor to sleep soundly, even, as a well-attested ... More
Hildebert of Lavardin

Hildebert of Lavardin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1056–1133), poet and canonist. Elected Bp. of Le Mans in 1096, he continued the building of his cathedral (consecrated in 1120), expelled Henry of Lausanne from his diocese, and probably took part ...
Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b Bemersheim, 1098; d Rupertsberg, 1179).Ger. abbess, mystic, and writer. Took veil at 15. Became superior at Benedictine monastery of Disibodenberg 1136. c.1147 founded monastery on the ...
Penitentiaries, Minor

Penitentiaries, Minor  

The minor penitentiaries (penitentiarii minores) had the task of absolving cases of conscience, sacramental and non-sacramental, presented at Rome and giving the benefice-holder a certificate ...
Songe du verger

Songe du verger  

An enormous treatise of political doctrine, the Songe du verger was drawn up at the request of King Charles V of France, first in Latin (1376), then in French (1378) ...
synderesis

synderesis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The supposed natural or innate ability of the mind to know the first principles of ethics and moral reasoning. Although traced to Aristotle, the phrase came to the modern era through St Jerome, whose ...
temptation

temptation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The etymology of the word suggests a neutral meaning of ‘trying’ or ‘proving’. This primary sense is retained in the idea of God's tempting Abraham (Gen. 22: 1). It may also be the meaning of the ...
unclean hands

unclean hands  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Improper conduct that can disentitle a plaintiff from equitable relief. The concept, sometimes referred to as a bar to equitable relief or defence, is derived from the equitable maxim he ...

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