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connectionism

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annealing

annealing  

1 In connectionism (1) and parallel distributed processing, the use of random shocks to alter the states of units in a network of connected units until they are all responding as consistently as ...
artificial grammar learning

artificial grammar learning  

A grammar is a way of specifying how elements should be ordered. One sort of grammar is a finite state grammar, as illustrated in Fig. A14. It contains a finite ...
artificial intelligence

artificial intelligence  

The theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between ...
attractor networks

attractor networks  

Artificial neural networks (ANNs), sometimes referred to as connectionist networks, are computational models based loosely on the neural architecture of the brain. Since the late 1980s, ANNs have ...
back-propagation algorithm

back-propagation algorithm  

In parallel distributed processing, a method of adjusting the output of a multi-layered neural network to produce a desired state for a given input, by first checking the input and computing the ...
behaviourism

behaviourism  

n. an approach to psychology postulating that only observable behaviour need be studied, thus denying any importance to unconscious processes. Behaviourists are concerned with the laws regulating the ...
cascade processing

cascade processing  

The implementation of later stages of information processing before the completion of earlier stages. For example, in retrieving the meaning of a printed word, a person may have to identify all the ...
catastrophe theory

catastrophe theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Mathematical theory pioneered by the French mathematician René Thom, treating abrupt changes or discontinuities.
cognitive science

cognitive science  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The scientific study of processes of awareness, thought, and mental organization, often by means of computer modelling or artificial intelligence research.
computational neuroscience

computational neuroscience  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
A discipline that combines methods and concepts from computer science and neuroscience to achieve a better understanding of brain and cognitive processes, computational neuroscience seeks to explain ...
computer

computer  

Any device capable of carrying out a sequence of operations in a defined manner. The definition of the operations is called the program. An analog computer performs computations by manipulating ...
connectionism

connectionism   Reference library

Jennifer Hornsby

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
165 words

An approach in artificial intelligence and cognitive science aimed at producing biologically realistic models of the brain and of mental processing; sometimes called ...

connectionism

connectionism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,722 words
Illustration(s):
1

Known also as parallel distributed processing (PDP) or neural computation, connectionism endeavors to simulate the processes taking place

Connectionism

Connectionism   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
1,952 words
Illustration(s):
1

This computational framework for cognitive modeling is based on numerical computation rather than on symbol manipulation. Inspired by mathematical models

connectionist models

connectionist models   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,289 words

Connectionist models, also known as parallel distributed processing (PDP) models, are a class of computational models often used

content-addressable memory

content-addressable memory  

In computer technology, a memory store that can be accessed by specifying the information that it contains, so that an instruction to find a particular item of information can be automatically ...
correlates of consciousness, computational

correlates of consciousness, computational  

The expression ‘computational correlate of consciousness’ was first used by Mathis and Mozer (1995), who, taking a computational approach to the problem of consciousness, asked ‘What conditions must ...
delta rule

delta rule  

In the back-propagation algorithm, adjustment of the weights of connections between units as a function of the discrepancies between actual output and target output as determined by a teacher unit. ...
distributed cognition

distributed cognition  

Information processing that is shared among several separate agents. The classic example, due to the US cognitive scientist Edwin Hutchins (born 1948), is that of a group of crew members cooperating ...
distributed network model

distributed network model  

A representation of anything by a pattern of activation over a number of connected units, characteristic of connectionism (1). Also called distributed representation.

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