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Congress of Racial Equality

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Charles Cobb, Sr.

Charles Cobb, Sr.  

(b. 28 September 1916; d. 28 December 1998),religious civil rights leader, and Charles Cobb Jr. (b. 23 June 1943), civil rights activist and journalist. The Reverend Dr. Charles Earl ...
civil Disobedience

civil Disobedience  

The political tactic of disobeying a law deliberately, in order to bring about some change. The disobedience should ideally be public, non-violent, and committed by activists willing to face the ...
civil rights

civil rights  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In countries that have victimized certain groups in society, this means emancipation, elimination of segregation, equity, and equality of access to the services and institutions of society. See also ...
Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement  

A grouping devoted to political and social reform in Northern Ireland, led by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association. NICRA was founded in Belfast early in 1967 by a group ...
Diane Nash

Diane Nash  

(b. 15 May 1938),civil rights activist. Diane Judith Nash was born in Chicago, Illinois, to Leon Nash and Dorothy Bolton Nash. Her parents divorced shortly after World War II ...
Floyd B. McKissick

Floyd B. McKissick  

(b. 9 March 1922; d. 28 April 1991),civil rights activist and district court judge. Floyd Bixler McKissick was born in Asheville, North Carolina, one of four children born to ...
Fred L. Shuttlesworth

Fred L. Shuttlesworth  

(b. 18 March 1922),minister, civil rights leader, and human rights champion. Born in Montgomery County, Alabama, Fred Shuttlesworth was raised in the heart of the Jim Crow South. His ...
Freedom Ride

Freedom Ride  

Based on a similar campaign undertaken by students in the USA, was a bus trip made by a group of University of Sydney students in February 1965 to towns in ...
howard Thurman

howard Thurman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(b. 18 February 1900; d. 10 April 1981),mystic, poet, philosopher, preacher, and professor. Thurman was born in poverty in Daytona, Florida. He earned an AB from Morehouse College and ...
International Fellowship of Reconciliation

International Fellowship of Reconciliation  

The founding conference of the International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) took place in Bilthoven, the Netherlands, from 4–11 October 1919. Established as an interfaith organization opposed to ...
James Farmer

James Farmer  

(b. 12 January 1920; d. 9 July 1999),founder of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and father of the Freedom Rides. James Leonard Farmer Jr. was born in Marshall ...
James Forman

James Forman  

(b. 4 October 1928; d. 10 January 2005),civil rights leader. James Forman was executive secretary of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in the early 1960s. During the 1960s ...
Journey of Reconciliation

Journey of Reconciliation  

For the members of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, nonviolent direct action was the key to bringing about fundamental social and political changes in America's race relations. In their wide range ...
Major Owens

Major Owens  

(b. 28 June 1936),librarian, community activist, and six-term member of the House of Representatives (1983–2007). Major Robert Odell Owens was born 28 June 1936 in Collierville, Tennessee, near ...
Mississippi Freedom Summer

Mississippi Freedom Summer  

In the summer of 1964, nearly one thousand people—the vast majority of them northerners—went to Mississippi to help register African American voters and participate in the civil rights movement in ...
New Left

New Left  

A movement of radical intellectuals in the 1960s, spanning the leading Western societies. The New Left was socialist in inspiration but it was critical of orthodox communism as practised in Eastern ...
Roy Innis

Roy Innis  

(b. 6 June 1934),activist at the forefront of the civil rights movement since the 1960s. Roy Emile Alfredo Innis was born in Saint Croix, Virgin Islands. He moved to ...
Sit-ins

Sit-ins  

Initiated in early 1960 by college students in Greensboro, North Carolina, and Nashville, Tennessee, sit-ins spread throughout the country and galvanized young people to participate in the civil ...
Sonia Sanchez

Sonia Sanchez  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1934– ),African-American poet born in Birmingham, educated at Hunter College, New York City. Identifying solely with other African-Americans and writing in urban speech rhythms and dialect, her ...
Southern Christian Leadership Conference

Southern Christian Leadership Conference  

Created in the wake of the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1957 by Martin Luther King Jr. and his followers, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) coordinated and assisted local organizations ...

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