Update

Overview

Marquis de Condorcet

(1743—1794)

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 40 entries

View:

A. R. J. Turgot

A. R. J. Turgot  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1727–81)French politician and economist. A follower of the physiocrats, Turgot tried to free the grain trade in France from internal tariffs during his brief career as Louis XVI's finance minister ...
anticlericalism

anticlericalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The opposition to the secular influence of the Church, usually the Roman Catholic Church. It was a major theme in the domestic politics of several European countries during the late nineteenth ...
Cesare Beccaria

Cesare Beccaria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1738–94)Italian aristocrat and jurist, whose essay Dei delitti e delle pene (1764: Of Crimes and Punishments), a masterpiece of the Italian Enlightenment, inspired European schemes to improve prison ...
Condorcet (Grouchy), Sophie, marquise de

Condorcet (Grouchy), Sophie, marquise de  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1764–1822)French feminist writer. Alleged by their enemies to be the malign influence behind her husband Condorcet's support for republicanism and feminism during the French Revolution. Her ...
Condorcet winner

Condorcet winner  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The option, or candidate, in a multicandidate election, which wins a simple majority against each of the others when every pair of candidates is compared. Voting rules inspired by Condorcet seek to ...
Condorcet, Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat

Condorcet, Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat (1743–1794)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,948 words

(1743–1794), French philosophe and political theorist.

Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, marquis de Condorcet, was born on 17 September 1743 in

Condorcet, Jean‐Antoine‐Nicolas, marquis de

Condorcet, Jean‐Antoine‐Nicolas, marquis de (1749–94)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
500 words

(1749–94).

‘The last of the philosophes’, as Michelet called him, was a mathematician and scientist who involved

Condorcet, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de

Condorcet, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de   Reference library

M. J. Inwood

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
181 words
(1743–94). French philosopher, mathematician, political theorist, and a moderate revolutionary who died in prison. He developed ‘social mathematics’, applying mathematics and ... More
cycle

cycle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Any situation in which a voting procedure, choosing among multiple options, would choose A over B, B over C…, i over j, and j over A. The best‐known example is the cycle in simple majority rule, ...
éloge

éloge  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[ay-lohzh]The French term for a eulogy or encomium, and in literary contexts especially for a solemn speech, usually published later as a kind of obituary tribute, given to one of the great French ...
Enlightenment

Enlightenment  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
[CP]The period from the last part of the 17th century through the 18th century when many important philosophical and scientific developments took place, some of which stimulated a new interest in the ...
gender and Politics

gender and Politics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A series of contributions by feminists in the field of politics and political theory has focused on the ways in which women's issues, concerns, and participation are excluded from the public ...
Girondins

Girondins  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A member of a French political party whose main exponents came from the Gironde region. The Girondins were closely associated with the Jacobins in the early days of the French Revolution. They held ...
Giuseppe Mazzini

Giuseppe Mazzini  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1805–72)Italian nationalist leader. While in exile in Marseilles he founded the patriotic movement Young Italy (1831) and thereafter worked for the independence and unification of Italy, becoming ...
Harriet Taylor

Harriet Taylor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1807–58)Married to a businessman John Taylor at the age of eighteen, Harriet nevertheless became the guiding muse of John Stuart Mill after they met in 1830. Mill eventually married her two years ...
Headlong Hall

Headlong Hall  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A satire by T. L. Peacock, published 1816, the first of the series of books in which Peacock adapts the Socratic dialogue as a tool for satirizing contemporary culture.Mr Foster the optimist, Mr ...
Historiography

Historiography  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
As in other parts of Europe, French historical writing has gone through a number of more or less distinct phases since the Middle Ages, of which it may be useful ...
issue voting

issue voting  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The idea that voters' decisions are largely determined by the issues at stake in the election. Before survey research, most writers assumed that issue voting was the norm in democratic elections ...
jury

jury  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.A group of jurors (usually 12) selected at random to decide the facts of a case and give a verdict. Most juries are selected to try indictable offences in the Crown Court, but juries are also used ...
Lewis Carroll

Lewis Carroll  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1832–98).Pseudonym of the Revd Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, a mathematics don at Christ Church, Oxford. Best known for his Alice stories, which brim over with logical puzzles and absurdities and ...

View: