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Adolf Eichmann

Adolf Eichmann  

(1906–1962)German Nazi leader responsible for carrying out Hitler's final solution to the Jewish problem.Born in Solingen in the Rhineland, Eichmann grew up in Linz. He attended school in Thuringia ...
Albert Speer

Albert Speer  

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(1905–81)German Nazi leader. He was the official architect for the Nazi Party, designing the grandiose stadium at Nuremberg (1934). An efficient organizer, he became (1942) Minister for Armaments and ...
Antonín Novotny

Antonín Novotny  

(b. 10 Dec. 1904, d. 28 Jan. 1975).First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia 1953–68 Born in Letnany (near Prague), he was trained as a locksmith and worked in an arms factory near ...
Arthur Seyss-Inquart

Arthur Seyss-Inquart  

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(b. 22 July 1892, d. 16 Oct. 1946).Austrian Nazi leader Born into the German minority in Stannern (Moravia), he qualified and practised as a lawyer in Vienna. As an active member of various Fascist ...
atrocities

atrocities  

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ǝˈträsiṯēn. pl. -iesan extremely wicked or cruel act, typically one involving physical violence or injury: forces were reported to have committed atrocities against the civilian population | war ...
Auschwitz

Auschwitz  

A Nazi concentration camp in the Second World War, near the town of Oświęcim (Auschwitz) in Poland. It may be referred to as a symbol of the Holocaust.
Baldur von Schirach

Baldur von Schirach  

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(1907–74)German Nazi youth leader. An enthusiastic Nazi while still a student, from 1933–1945 he led the Hitler Youth. In 1940 he was appointed governor of Vienna, where he took part in plans to ship ...
Belsen

Belsen  

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A Nazi concentration camp in the Second World War, near the village of Belsen in north western Germany, the liberation of which at the end of the Second World War provided the Allied countries with ...
Belzec

Belzec  

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Was a Nazi death camp on the Lublin–Lwów railway line 160 km. (100 mi.) south-east of Warsaw. Part of OPERATION REINHARD, construction on it began in November 1941 and it opened in ...
Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini  

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(1883–1945) Italian Fascist statesman, Prime Minister (1922–43); known as Il Duce ('the leader'). He founded the Italian Fascist Party in 1919. He annexed Abyssinia in 1936 and entered World War ...
Bernadotte, Folke, Count

Bernadotte, Folke, Count  

(b. 2 Jan. 1895, d. 17 Sept. 1948).Swedish international mediator Born in Stockholm, the nephew of King Gustav V of Sweden, he was involved in work for humanitarian causes for most of his life, ...
Boer wars

Boer wars  

(1880–81; 1899–1902)Wars fought between Britain and Transvaal and between Britain and Transvaal and the Orange Free State. The first arose from the British annexation of the Transvaal in 1877 and the ...
Boris III

Boris III  

(b. 30 Jan. 1894, d. 28 Aug. 1943).King of Bulgaria 1918–43 As Crown Prince he commanded Bulgarian troops on the Macedonian front in World War I, and was defeated by Franchet d'Esperey's Allied ...
Bosnian Crisis

Bosnian Crisis  

In the 1990s, the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia led to a NATO-led peacekeeping mission that was the largest military operation in Europe since World War II. After ethnic Serbs ...
Buchenwald

Buchenwald  

A Nazi concentration camp in the Second World War, near the village of Buchenwald in eastern Germany.
casualty

casualty  

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N.any person who is lost to the organization by having been declared “dead,” “missing,” “ill,” “injured,” or “duty status-whereabouts unknown.”
Channel Islands

Channel Islands  

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Dependencies of the British crown—constitutionally odd and financially richThe Channel Islands consist of four main islands and numerous other islets. They are governed as two separate ‘bailiwicks’ ...
Colditz

Colditz  

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A medieval castle near Leipzig in Germany, used as a top-security camp for Allied prisoners in the Second World War.
consequences of the war

consequences of the war  

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The Second World War ended in both major theatres in acts of total and undeniable capitulation. Victors and vanquished were plain for all to see. The chief aggressors, Germany and ...
Dachau

Dachau  

A Nazi concentration camp in southern Bavaria, from 1933 to 1945, in allusive use, a place of desolation; the slogan ‘Arbeit macht frei [Work liberates]’ was inscribed on its gates (and later on ...

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