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compositors

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Arabic type

Arabic type  

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Arabic script is essentially cursive, with most letters of the alphabet joined to the preceding letter in a word, and many to the following one as well. This often involves ...
cases

cases  

Large wooden trays divided into compartments used for sorting and storing type. Two cases, positioned one above the other on the compositor's frames, were traditionally employed in early English ...
cast-off copy

cast-off copy  

To ‘cast-off’ printer's copy is to estimate in advance how many sheets will be required to print a given manuscript, and to estimate the amount of copy needed to fill a single sheet. The practice ...
clicker of a compositors’ companionship

clicker of a compositors’ companionship  

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The foreman of a companionship of compositors, responsible for distributing the copy, record-keeping, and billing.
composing stick

composing stick  

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A small (often adjustable) hand-held tray, originally of wood (later metal), in which the compositor arranges type and spacing material during composition.An English 19th-century adjustable composing ...
composition

composition  

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The act or process of setting type. The hand compositor would stand (or sometimes sit, especially before c.1650) at the type cases, with a copy-text before him (or, rarely, her) ...
compositorial analysis

compositorial analysis  

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The painstaking comparison of spelling, punctuation, and spacing practices may reveal patterns, enabling scholars to distinguish the individual habits of those setting the type for a book. Such ...
compositors

compositors   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
203 words

Workers employed, usually within *printing offices, to set type. Compositors (‘comps’) were responsible also for *distribution, and usually

concurrent printing

concurrent printing  

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Until the studies of McKenzie—based on meticulous study of the archives of Cambridge University Press, and augmented by his ‘Printers of the Mind’ (1969)—the workflow in a printing office was ...
copy

copy  

1 The physical original used by a compositor to set a text in type for printing—typically an author’s MS or typescript, or a previous edition.2 A particular exemplum of a printed book.[...]
copy money

copy money  

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By longstanding custom, one unbound copy of a printed book was the perquisite of each pressman (and often compositor) who had worked on it. The bookseller Adam Islip (d. 1639) ...
copy-text

copy-text  

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Sometimes used to refer to the original authorial MS from which a compositor sets a text to be printed.
correction

correction  

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A correction is a textual alteration made to rectify a mechanical error, such as an unintentionally omitted word or a misspelling, in the writing or copying of a document. The ...
dictation

dictation  

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Dictation is the process by which someone reads out words orally so that someone else can write or copy them down. This might involve someone's reading out a pre-written text ...
facsimile edition

facsimile edition  

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Pioneered in 1807, reproductions of the First Folio and the quarto editions of Shakespeare's plays proliterated after the advent of photography in the 19th century. Such facsimile editions are widely ...
foul case

foul case  

The accidental appearance of a sort in the wrong compartment of a type case, usually the result of inaccurate distribution.
frame

frame  

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The structure, usually wooden, on which type cases stand during composition. The lower case usually rests at a shallow angle, raised slightly at the side furthest from the compositor, while ...
galley

galley  

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A wooden tray with a false bottom, approximately the size of a printed page, into which a compositor would transfer lines of type after he had set them up in ...
hard copy

hard copy  

A printed or otherwise permanent copy of data from a processing system.
house rules and house style

house rules and house style  

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Overview Page
Printers have always regulated their procedures in order to achieve smooth running of their business. Such house rules (or rules of the house) can be divided between those created by ...

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