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commedia dell'arte

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Abraham Goldfaden

Abraham Goldfaden  

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(1840–1908)Ukrainian dramatist and composer, considered the father of the modern Yiddish stage. Goldfaden mounted full-fledged operettas, some of which—The Witch (1879), The Two Kuni-Lemls (1880), ...
Accesi

Accesi  

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One of the more stable and individual of the second-generation Italian commedia dell'arte companies, which flourished under the protection of the dukes of Mantua from approximately 1590 to 1623. The ...
acting

acting  

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In the twentieth century the process of acting underwent more thorough analysis and experimentation than at any other time in the history of Western theatre. Previously, written reflections on the ...
Actor

Actor  

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The need to express emotion, whether in music, dancing, gesture, or speech, seems to be inherent in man, and to have developed originally in connection with religious observances. Nothing is ...
Aleksandr Tairov

Aleksandr Tairov  

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(1885–1950)Russian/Soviet director. After a period as an actor, Tairov's first important post was at Mardzhanov's Free Theatre in 1913, where he directed his future wife Koonen in Schnitzler's The ...
Alexander Blok

Alexander Blok  

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Literature
(b. St Petersburg, 28 Nov. 1880; d. Petrograd, 7 Aug. 1921)Poet and playwright. His first book of poetry was published in 1904, and he became the leading figure in ...
Allardyce Nicoll

Allardyce Nicoll  

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(1894–1976),Scottish theatre historian, successively Professor of English Language and Literature in London and Birmingham Universities. As head of the Department of Drama at Yale University, he ...
Andrea Calmo

Andrea Calmo  

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Literature
(1509–71),Italian playwright and amateur actor, a gondolier by profession, who seems to have had a considerable influence on the development of the commedia dell'arte. A contemporary and rival of ...
Andrei Serban

Andrei Serban  

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(b. 1943), director.The internationally known director, who uses minimalism, nontraditional music, and avant‐garde approaches to classic texts, was born in Bucharest, Romania, where his productions ...
Andreini family

Andreini family  

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Italian professional practitioners of commedia dell'arte and related genres. The Tuscan Francesco (1548–1624) embarked on a theatrical career in the late 1570s, and married the young Paduan Isabella ...
Angelo Beolco

Angelo Beolco  

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(c.1502–42),one of the earliest Italian actors and dramatists, connected with the origins of the commedia dell'arte. He was a gifted amateur who acted in Venice, Ferrara, and Padua during ...
Angelo Costantini

Angelo Costantini  

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(c.1655–1729),actor of the commedia dell'arte, who first appeared with the troupe of the Duke of Modena. In 1683 he joined the Comédie-Italienne, ostensibly to share the role of Arlequin ...
Antonio Sacco

Antonio Sacco  

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(1708–88)Italian actor-manager (surname sometimes recorded as Sacchi). He perfected the Harlequin-type role of Truffaldino, importing material from recognizable literary sources which were pleasingly ...
Aphra Behn

Aphra Behn  

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Literature
(1640–89).Dramatist and novelist, Aphra Behn was born on 10 July 1640 at Wye, Kent. Her early childhood, spent in the West Indies, later provided inspiration for her novel Oroonoko, a forerunner to ...
Ariane Mnouchkine

Ariane Mnouchkine  

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(b. Boulogne-sur-Seine, France, 1939)Director. After university and student theatre she visited the East before founding in Paris the Théâtre du Soleil (1964) along rigorous cooperative lines. ...
Arlecchino

Arlecchino  

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Literature
One of the comic zanni or servant roles of the commedia dell'arte. Wearing a suit patched with scraps of different colours, with a soft cap on his shaven head, he ...
Arlequin

Arlequin  

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Literature
Is one of the most popular and ubiquitous stage figures from the 16th to the 19th c. Originating in Italian popular comedy (commedia dell'arte), he became acclimatized in France in ...
Atellana

Atellana  

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(sc. fabula), in origin a native Italian farce. It was a masked drama, largely improvised, with stock characters. It became a literary form for a short time in the period of Sulla. Atellanae ...
Bartolomeo Bocchini

Bartolomeo Bocchini  

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Literature
(1604–48/53).Bolognese painter of theatrical scenes, associated with the commedia dell'arte, particularly in Bologna and Venice. He used the name Zan Muzzina and may himself have been a zanni. As ...
Bernardo Dovizi

Bernardo Dovizi  

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Literature
(1470–1520),Italian cardinal and playwright, born in Bibbiena (near Florence). He secured the patronage of Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici (later Pope Leo X) and followed him into exile in 1494. ...

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