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A. A. Milne

A. A. Milne  

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Literature
(1882–1956)British writer, noted especially for his ever-popular children's books and his plays.After attending Westminster School and reading mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge, Milne found ...
Abe Burrows

Abe Burrows  

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Music
(b. New York, 18 Dec. 1910; d. New York, 17 May 1985)Playwright and director. Burrows wrote for radio and early television before turning to the stage as co-librettist with ...
Ada Rehan

Ada Rehan  

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(1857–1916)Irish-American actress. Born Ada Crehan in Limerick, her family emigrated to New York in 1862. In 1873 she followed several siblings into the theatre, serving a long apprenticeship in ...
Adi Marazban

Adi Marazban  

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(1914–87)Indian playwright, director, editor, and radio and television broadcaster. Trained at the Pasadena Playhouse in the early 1950s, Marazban began writing plays in Parsi-Gujarati on his return ...
Adolf Bäuerle

Adolf Bäuerle  

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Literature
(1786–1859)Austrian dramatist. Bäuerle first worked as a theatre journalist—from 1806 to 1809 he was editor of the Wiener Allgemeine Theaterzeitung—before joining the management of the Leopoldstädter ...
Adolf L'Arronge

Adolf L'Arronge  

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Literature
(1838–1908)German manager and dramatist. L'Arronge trained as a musician and worked as a composer and conductor at various theatres. In 1881 he purchased the Friedrich-Wilhelmstädtische Theater in ...
Adolf von Wilbrandt

Adolf von Wilbrandt  

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Literature
(1837–1911)German playwright and director who worked at the Burgtheater in Vienna in the 1870s and 1880s (artistic director 1881–8). He maintained the Burgtheater's tradition of performing the ...
Adriano Banchieri

Adriano Banchieri  

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Music
(b Bologna, 1568; d Bologna, 1634).It. composer, organist, and theorist. Org., S. Michele, Bosco, and of Monte Oliveto, where in 1613 he became abbot. His L'organo suonarino, pubd. Venice 1605, ...
Aesopus

Aesopus  

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(1st cent. bc),tragic actor, ‘dignified’ (Horace Epistulae 2. 1. 82), contemporary of Q. Roscius (Quintilian Institutiones 11. 3. 111 ‘Roscius is livelier, Aesopus more dignified’). He gave Cicero ...
Agnolo Firenzuola

Agnolo Firenzuola  

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Literature
(1493–1543),Italian author, a native of Florence who studied law, became a Vallombrosan monk (1517), and was released from his monastic vows by papal dispensation in 1526. In 1534 he ...
agon

agon  

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Greek word meaning ‘contest’, used to define the conflict which lies at the heart of Greek tragedy, transmuted into a clash between two principal characters, sometimes with a hint of ...
Agostino Ricchi

Agostino Ricchi  

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Literature
(1512–64)made a career in medicine; but as a student in Bologna he produced the stage comedy I tre tiranni, which was performed before both Pope and Emperor in 1530. ...
Agustín Moreto y Cabaña

Agustín Moreto y Cabaña  

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(1618–69)The most representative dramatist of late seventeenth-century Spain. Almost all his works were indebted to earlier plays, restyled with restraint and disciplined craftsmanship. Some serious ...
Alain-René Lesage

Alain-René Lesage  

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Literature
(1668–1747)French playwright and novelist. Lesage went to Paris about 1690, writing comedies adapted from Spanish plays by Rojas and Lope de Vega. His first real successes came in 1707 ...
Alan Ayckbourn

Alan Ayckbourn  

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Literature
(1939– ),playwright. His first London success, Relatively Speaking (1967, pub. 1968), was followed by many others, including Absurd Person Singular (1973, pub. 1974); The Norman Conquests (1974, pub. ...
Alberto Nota

Alberto Nota  

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Literature
(1775–1847).Turinese playwright, who had a successful career in the Piedmontese magistracy and civil administration, eventually being made a baron by Carlo Felice. His forty or so comedies, much ...
Aleksandr Korneichuk

Aleksandr Korneichuk  

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(1905–72)Ukrainian/Soviet dramatist best known for his wartime play Front (1942), which stresses the need for new and youthful military leadership at a time, ironically, when Stalin had already ...
Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin

Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin  

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(1817–1903)Russian playwright and philosopher. Having studied in Moscow, Heidelberg, and Berlin (1834–42), his career was cut short when he was accused in 1850 of the murder of his French ...
Aleksandr Sumarokov

Aleksandr Sumarokov  

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(1717–77)Russian writer. The first to break with the tradition of church Slavonic, Sumarokov laid the foundations of a European Russian culture founded on French neoclassicism. The first writer of ...
Aleksei Pisemsky

Aleksei Pisemsky  

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(1821–81)Russian writer. After a successful start with his comedy The Hypochondriac (1855), Pisemsky wrote his best-known play, A Bitter Fate, two years before the Emancipation of the Serfs in ...

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