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Alessandro Tassoni

Alessandro Tassoni  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1565–1635)Italian poet, philosopher, historian, politician, and member of several learned Academies. He joined the entourage of Cardinal Ascanio Sforza in Rome (1597) and later became a court ...
Alexander of Roes

Alexander of Roes  

(13th century) Canon,probably identical to Andreas of Leysberg OFM, in service to Cardinal Jacob Colonna; criticised conditions at the Roman curia. In his major work Memoriale de Prerogativa Romani ...
Angela of Foligno

Angela of Foligno  

(c.1248–1309)The greatest Italian mystic of the 14th c., born probably at Foligno. There is little sure information on Angela's life. It has been conjectured from the Memorial, a sort ...
Angelo Clareno

Angelo Clareno  

(1247/55–1337)Leading exponent of the Spiritual Franciscans. Angelo vigorously opposed the Conventual wing of the order and was, consequently, persecuted for his strict observance of St Francis’ ...
Bl. Benedict XI

Bl. Benedict XI  

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Religion
(22 Oct. 1303–7 July 1304)In the uproar in Rome following Boniface VIII's unexpected death the cardinals, having excluded Giacomo and Pietro Colonna under protest as excommunicate, unanimously ...
Boniface VIII

Boniface VIII  

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(c.1234–1303), Pope from 1294. His pontificate was dominated by his struggle with Philip the Fair of France. The bull ‘Clericis laicos’ (1296) forbade extraordinary taxation of the clergy without ...
Borgia

Borgia  

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Literature
The family name of Rodrigo Borgia (1431–1503), later Pope Alexander VI, and his illegitimate children Cesare (c. 1476–1507) and Lucrezia (1480–1519); their traditional reputation was for ruthless ...
Caetani

Caetani  

Attested at Rome from the late 11th c., the Caetani appear in the 13th c. at Anagni, Pisa and Naples. It was Benedict Caetani, cardinal from 1281 and Pope under ...
Celestine III

Celestine III  

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Religion
(c.1106–98), Pope from 1191. He defended Abelard at the Council of Sens (1140) and later urged Thomas Becket to adopt a less intransigent attitude. Elected Pope in his 85th year, his reign was marked ...
Council of Constance

Council of Constance  

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Religion
The 16th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church (1414–18), which brought to an end the Great Schism.
Eugenius IV

Eugenius IV  

(c.1383–1447),Pope from 3 March 1431 until his death on 23 February 1447, was born Gabriele Condulmer in Venice, the son of a wealthy merchant. He became a monk at ...
Ferdinando Francesco d' Avalos

Ferdinando Francesco d' Avalos  

(1489–1525),Marquis of Pescara, born in Naples into a family of Spanish descent. He entered the service of Spain, and in 1512 was captured in the battle of Ravenna (where ...
Giles of Rome

Giles of Rome  

(1243/7–1316) Augustinian theologian and later archbishop of Bourges.As regent master at Paris, Giles composed theological works on topics ranging from metaphysics to psychology and ethics, but is ...
Jacopone da Todi

Jacopone da Todi  

(c.1230–1306), Franciscan poet. He became a Franciscan lay-brother c.1278. In 1294 he and some others were given permission by Celestine V to live in a separate community, observing the rule of the ...
Jules Mazarin

Jules Mazarin  

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Religion
(1602–61), statesman. In the service of Urban VIII, he went to Avignon. In 1639 he became a naturalized Frenchman and in 1640 entered the service of Louis XIII, at whose instigation he was made a ...
Martin V

Martin V  

(1368–1431),Pope from 11 November 1417 until his death on 20 February 1431, was born Oddo Colonna in Gennazano; his father Agapito, a prominent member of the Colonna family, later ...
Martino Filetico

Martino Filetico  

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Literature
(c. 1430–c. 1490).Humanist educator, who taught the children of Federigo da Montefeltro in Urbino, of Alessandro Sforza in Rimini, and of Antonio Colonna in Rome. He translated Theocritus and ...
Montefeltro

Montefeltro  

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History
The first well known representative of this branch of the counts of Carpegna was Montefeltrano (late 12th c.). In 1234 his son Buonconte received from Frederick II the lordship of ...
Nicholas IV

Nicholas IV  

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Religion
(22 Feb. 1288–4 Apr. 1292)The vacancy after Honorius IV's death dragged on for almost eleven months. The conclave, held in Honorius' new palace, was hopelessly divided, and when six cardinals died in ...
Orsini family

Orsini family  

Noble Roman family rival to the Colonna, it contributed popes and cardinals, statesmen, and men of arms to the papacy, the city of Rome, and the Angevins of Naples. The ...

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