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Michael Collins

(1890—1922) Irish revolutionary and chairman of the provisional government of the Irish Free State

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Anglo-Irish treaty

Anglo-Irish treaty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
1921.A truce on 11 July ended the war between the Irish Republican Army and the British army which had been raging since 1919. Negotiations began in earnest in October with Arthur Griffith and ...
Anglo-Irish war

Anglo-Irish war  

The campaign against government forces mounted by the Irish Volunteers, now increasingly known as the Irish Republican Army (IRA). Conventionally dated from 21 January 1919, when nine Volunteers, ...
Arthur Griffith

Arthur Griffith  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1872–1922)Irish nationalist leader and statesman, President of the Irish Free State (1922) government. In 1905 he founded and became President of Sinn Fein. Griffith was among those who established ...
boundary Commission

boundary Commission  

Redistribution of parliamentary constituencies had always been accompanied by accusations that they were made for party advantage, but movements of population, particularly in the 20th cent. from ...
Civil War

Civil War  

(1922–1923), the, a period of hostilities between the Army of the Irish State and the Republican wing of the IRA, following the rejection of the Treaty concluding the Anglo-Irish War ...
Craig–Collins pacts

Craig–Collins pacts  

Two agreements concluded in response to continuing violence in Northern Ireland during early 1922. The first, negotiated at a meeting between Craig and Collins in London on 21 January, provided ...
Department of Finance

Department of Finance  

Generally regarded as the most important department within the Irish government service. This primacy was first established under Dáil Éireann during the years 1919–21, when Michael Collins served as ...
Eamon De Valera

Eamon De Valera  

(1882–1975)Irish statesman. A fervent nationalist, de Valera was one of the leaders of the Easter Rising in 1916 and was sentenced to death by the British, but was released a year later. He served as ...
Fenian

Fenian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Originally a semi‐mythical, semi‐historical military body said to have been raised for the defence of Ireland against Norse raids. Finn, in his day, was its chief. The Fenians of modern times were an ...
Frank O'Connor

Frank O'Connor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1903–66),born in Cork; his work includes two novels, translations from the Irish, literary criticism, and dramatizations, but he is best known for his short stories. Collections include Bones of ...
guerrilla warfare

guerrilla warfare  

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Overview Page
Gǝˈrilǝ ˈwôrˌfermilitary and paramilitary operations conducted in enemy-held or hostile territory by irregular, predominantly indigenous forces.
Ireland

Ireland  

After decades of prosperity Ireland's economy crashed following the global financial crisisThe Republic of Ireland occupies 80% of the island of Ireland. The remainder, Northern Ireland, is a part of ...
Irish Republican Army

Irish Republican Army  

(IRA).The Irish Volunteers, formed in 1913/14 and reorganized along conventional military command lines after the Easter Rising, became known as the IRA from 1919. During the Anglo‐Irish War, ...
Irish Republican Brotherhood

Irish Republican Brotherhood  

Better known as the Fenian movement. A secret society, organized along cell lines, it became the long‐term agency for the planning of Irish insurrections. It was behind the abortive uprising in ...
Neil Jordan

Neil Jordan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1950– )Irish novelist and successful international film director and screenwriter. After a collection of stories, Night in Tunisia (1976), and first novel, The Past (1979), he wrote and directed ...
pact election

pact election  

(16 June 1922).The election was for a parliament to ratify the draft constitution of the new Irish Free State. The pact was an agreement between Collins and de Valera ...
partition

partition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.1 The division of a territory into two or more units, each under a different government.2 The division of supreme power over a territory between different governments (e.g. federal and state).3 The ...
Provisional Government

Provisional Government  

(1922).Under article 17 of the Anglo‐Irish treaty, Southern Ireland MPs elected under the Government of Ireland Act met in January 1922 to ratify the treaty and appoint a Provisional ...
rising of 1916

rising of 1916  

The rising was planned by the military council established in May 1915 by the supreme council of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. In this inner group Sean MacDermott and Thomas Clarke ...
Seán MacDermott

Seán MacDermott  

(1884–1916),a leader of the rising of 1916 and a signatory of the proclamation with which it began. MacDermott was born in Leitrim, and worked as a barman in Belfast ...

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