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Abraham Firkovich

Abraham Firkovich  

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Religion
 (1787–1874) Leaderof the Karaites (who accepted written Jewish law only, not post-biblical ‘oral’ law) in the Crimea and obsessive collector of Hebrew and Samaritan MSS (in which he would ...
aleph

aleph  

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Religion
The first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, numerically equivalent to one. Textual critics of the NT use it to denote the Codex Sinaiticus.
Ambrosiana

Ambrosiana  

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Milan. Picture gallery established in 1618 by Cardinal Federico Borromeo (see Crespi, Giovanni Battista) as a sister institution to the Ambrosian Library (Biblioteca Ambrosiana), which he founded in ...
Arabic manuscripts

Arabic manuscripts  

Arabic manuscripts copied between the 8th and the 15th c. (the earliest codex is datable to 843, but several fragments date back in all probability a century earlier) may number ...
Arabic papyri

Arabic papyri  

Employed from at least 2000 bc in Egypt, its land of origin, the papyrus was used by the Arabs following their conquest of that country in 640. Its Islamic utilization ...
Armenian MS book

Armenian MS book  

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Armenia accepted Christianity as its state religion around 314, but Greek and Syriac were used as the languages of instruction and the liturgy until Mesrop Mashtots’ invented the Armenian alphabet ...
artist's book

artist's book  

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A medium of expression that creatively engages with the book, as both object and concept. 1. Disputed definitions2. A brief historical sketch3. The 1960s4. Artists’ books and presses1. Disputed ...
B

B  

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Religion
Used in textual criticism to denote Codex Vaticanus, a 4th-cent. parchment MS of the Greek OT and most of the NT, kept in the Vatican library since 1475 ce.
bibliomancy

bibliomancy  

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[Gk, ‘book divination’]An ancient way of resolving a dilemma, in which a book believed to hold truth is taken, balanced on its spine, allowed to fall open, and the ...
book

book  

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A book is the emblem of St Anne, St Augustine, St Bernard, and other saints.Recorded from Old English (in form bōc, originally meaning also ‘a document or charter’), the word is of Germanic origin, ...
book art

book art  

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A term applied to books produced as a kind of Conceptual art, valued for the ideas they embody rather than for their appearance or literary content. This type of work originated in the 1950s (Dieter ...
Book of Revelation

Book of Revelation  

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Religion
The last Book of the NT and the only one that is an Apocalypse. Apart from the letters to the Seven Churches of Asia Minor, the Book consists of a series of visions.The author is identified as ‘John’ ...
Bookbinding

Bookbinding  

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The art of sewing quires together within a cover into a single codex. The last step in manuscript book production, binding protected codices and kept their contents in order. Most ...
bookmarks

bookmarks  

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Bookmarks, or bookmarkers, are items loosely inserted into a book to mark a particular place for reference or for easy return and continued reading. As a bibliographical tool, they are ...
bookshelves

bookshelves  

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Storage and display supports for books, normally made of wood. Bookshelves developed with the codex, from the storage mechanisms designed for scrolls. The earliest depiction of bookshelves, in the ...
Byzantine Manuscripts

Byzantine Manuscripts  

Our knowledge of the places and circumstances of copying of Byzantine manuscripts, like that of their history and circulation, is based esentially on examination of the Books themselves. Documents ...
Children's Books

Children's Books  

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Andrea Immel1 Introduction2 Origins and development3 Children’s texts as printed books4 The MS book5 Defining the children’s book1 Introduction2 Origins and development3 Children’s texts as printed ...
codicology

codicology  

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A term of modern coinage, ‘codicology’ denotes the study of manuscript books, or codices, in all aspects, including their physical structure, texts, script, binding, decoration, and other features of ...
constitutions

constitutions  

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The generic name for legislative enactments by Roman emperors: edicts, decrees (judicial decisions), rescripts (written answers to officials or petitioners).
D

D  

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Religion
1. The symbol employed in textual criticism for the Codex Bezae, a 5th‐cent. MS of the gospels and Acts in Greek and Latin, presented to Cambridge University library by the Calvinist theologian ...

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