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Admiralty

Admiralty  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The law of admiralty encompasses claims which were originally within the jurisdiction of the Admiralty Court of England and Wales and which are now governed by the Admiralty Act 1988 ...
Celsus the Younger

Celsus the Younger  

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Overview Page
(b. before 77 c.e.). A Roman jurist, whose full name was Publius Juventius Celsus Titus Aufidius Hoenius Severianus, was connected with a family established in northern Umbria. The date of ...
civil law

civil law  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
1 The law of any particular state, now usually called municipal law.2 Roman law.3 A legal system based on Roman law, as distinct from the English system of common law.4 Private law, as opposed to ...
consolidating statute

consolidating statute  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A statute that repeals and re-enacts existing statutes relating to a particular subject. Its purpose is to state their combined effect and so simplify the presentation of the law. It does not aim to ...
Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996

Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Part I of the Act provides a statutory scheme of pre‐trial disclosure, placing a clear and continuing duty on the prosecution to disclose any material that ‘might reasonably be considered capable of ...
Crown Prosecutor

Crown Prosecutor  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A barrister appointed (permanently, or case by case) to appear for the Crown in the prosecution of serious offences.
Education and Training

Education and Training  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
This entry contains two subentries: Naval Training, Nautical CertificationThe origins of formal naval education and training date from the last quarter of the seventeenth century and were ...
Friedrich Karl von Savigny

Friedrich Karl von Savigny  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Friedrich Karl von Savigny (1779–1861),professor at Landshut and then at Berlin, may have influenced the study of private law more than any jurist of his age. Although his work ...
full code test

full code test  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A two‐stage test, under the Code for Crown Prosecutions, applied by a prosecutor when determining whether an offender is to be charged with an offence. The first stage is consideration of the ...
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1646–1716),German philosopher and mathematician, and one of the chief forces leading to the German Enlightenment. He is chiefly remembered in a literary context for parodies of his ‘optimistic’ ...
Imperial Legislation

Imperial Legislation  

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Under the constitutional arrangements that developed during the hegemony of the first Roman emperor, Augustus (31 b.c.e.–14 c.e.), the emperor was not at first a monarch with overriding legislative ...
Isaac Alfasi

Isaac Alfasi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Alfasi (1013–1103) lived for most of his life in Fez in Morocco (hence the name Alfasi, ‘from Fez’ or the Rif, ‘Rabbi Yitzhak Fesi’) and was the author of one of the great Codes of Law, the Sefer ...
Islamic Law

Islamic Law  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Two terms are used to refer to law in Islam: shariah and fiqh. Shariah refers to God's divine law as contained in the Quran and the sayings and doings of Muhammad (hadith). Fiqh refers to the ...
Judges' Rules

Judges' Rules  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Formerly, rules of practice drawn up by the High Court governing the questioning and charging of suspects by the police. They were replaced by the codes of practice issued under the provisions of the ...
Jurists

Jurists  

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Roman jurists, known as iurisperiti, iurisprudentes, or iurisstudiosi—men skilled, wise, or learned in law—or iurisconsulti, legal consultants, were specialist interpreters of Roman law and custom. ...
Labeo

Labeo  

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Whose family came from Samnium in central Italy, was a leading Roman lawyer of the age of Augustus and died between 10 and 22 ad. His father Pacuvius, also a lawyer, was killed fighting for the ...
Legis Actiones

Legis Actiones  

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The legis actiones is the oldest known form of civil procedure in the history of Roman law. Until the middle of the second century b.c.e., it was the only one ...
legislation

legislation  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.1 The whole or any part of a country's written law. In the UK the term is normally confined to Acts of Parliament, but in its broadest sense it also includes law made under powers conferred by Act ...
lex

lex  

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(pl. lēgēs), primarily, a statute, passed by one of the assemblies of the Roman people; the lex Hortensia of 287 bc conferred the force of statute on measures passed by a meeting of the plebs, and ...
manslaughter

manslaughter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Unlawful homicide that does not amount to the crime of murder. There are two main categories: voluntary manslaughter and involuntary manslaughter. Voluntary manslaughter arises when a defendant is ...

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