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Jean Cocteau

(1889—1963) French dramatist, novelist, and film director

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advertising  

A communication that is paid for by an identified sponsor with the object of promoting ideas, goods, or services. It is intended to persuade and sometimes to inform. The two basic aspects of ...
Alberto Savinio

Alberto Savinio  

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Literature
(1892–1952).Writer, composer, and painter. Born in Greece, he lived in Munich (1906–10) and, with his brother, Giorgio De Chirico, in Paris (1910–15), where he met Apollinaire and Picasso. In ...
Aline Bernstein

Aline Bernstein  

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(1881–1955),American costume and scene designer. Her first work for the stage was for the Indian play The Little Clay Cart (1924) produced by the Neighborhood Playhouse. Her designs were ...
André Gide

André Gide  

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Literature
(1869–1951)French novelist, essayist, critic, and dramatist. His fiction, interesting both for its formal experimentation and its teasing exploration of sexuality and morality, includes a number of ...
Ballets Suédois

Ballets Suédois  

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Les Ballets Suédois was founded in Paris in 1920 by Rolf de Maré, a Swedish landowner, art patron, and amateur ethnographer. Jean Börlin, a dancer with the Stockholm Royal Opera ...
Beauty and the Beast

Beauty and the Beast  

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Music
Musical in two acts after the fairy tale of the same name. Premièred at the Palace Theatre, New York, in 1994, its book was by Linda Woolverton, lyrics by Howard ...
Belfast

Belfast  

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Literature
Is the second largest city in Ireland, and the economic and political capital of Northern Ireland. Although the Normans established a fort at Belfast in the 12th cent., a substantial town only ...
Celestino Gorostiza

Celestino Gorostiza  

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(1904–67)Mexican playwright, director, and translator, a pivotal figure in the development of the modern professional stage. In 1932 Gorostiza created the Teatro de Orientación, which for three years ...
Charles Dullin

Charles Dullin  

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(b. Yonne, France, 12 May 1885; d. Paris, 11 Dec. 1949)Actor and director. With Louis Jouvet, Dullin was the most important disciple of Copeau. He appeared at Antoine's theatre ...
Christian Bérard

Christian Bérard  

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(b Paris, 20 Aug. 1902; d Paris, 13 Feb. 1949)French painter and designer. One of the co-founders of the Ballets des Champs-Elysées (with Petit and Kochno, 1945). He designed Balanchine's Cotillon ...
Christopher Wood

Christopher Wood  

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(b Knowsley, nr. Liverpool, 7 Apr. 1901; d Salisbury, 21 Aug. 1930).British painter, mainly of landscapes, harbour scenes, and figure compositions. In 1921 he studied at the Académie Julian ...
cinema

cinema  

1. A building in which films are shown, containing at least one auditorium in which an audience watches together.2. Films produced for viewing by the general public.3. The industry involved in the ...
Cirque Olympique

Cirque Olympique  

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Paris playhouse, originally an equestrian amphitheatre, established by Philip Astley in 1782 (see Astley's Amphitheatre), then directed by the Franconi family for four decades. It specialized in ...
Criterion

Criterion  

(1922–39),an influential literary periodical launched as a quarterly and edited by T. S. Eliot; The Waste Land appeared in its first issue. It became the New Criterion in 1926, and in 1927, briefly, ...
Cyril Cusack

Cyril Cusack  

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(1910–93)Irish actor and manager. He first appeared onstage at the age of 7 with his mother and stepfather's touring company. He joined the Abbey Theatre Company in 1932, and ...
Darius Milhaud

Darius Milhaud  

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Music
(b Aix‐en‐Provence, 1892; d Geneva, 1974).Fr. composer and pianist. Entered Paris Cons. 1909, studying with Gédalge, Widor, and d'Indy. Attaché at Fr. legation, Rio de Janeiro, 1917–19, meeting ...
Edith Piaf

Edith Piaf  

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Music
(b Paris, 1915; d Mougins, 1963).French chanteuse. As a child, assisted her father in his circus act. At 15 became street singer and was nicknamed Piaf (sparrow) because of her ragged appearance. ...
Edwige Feuillère

Edwige Feuillère  

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(1907–1998 ),French actress, who, as Cora Lynn, first appeared in light comedies at the Palais-Royal. She made her début at the Comédie-Française in 1931 but left to go into films ...
Eleanor Vere Boyle

Eleanor Vere Boyle  

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Literature
(1825–1916; also known as E. V. B. or the Honorable Mrs. Richard Cavendish Boyle), British illustrator of poetry and children's books. Probably the first woman illustrator of high quality before ...
Emiliano di Cavalcanti

Emiliano di Cavalcanti  

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(1897–1976)Brazilian painter, draughtsman, and writer, born in Rio de Janeiro, a pioneer of modern art in his country. He trained for a career in law, but turned seriously to art after a successful ...

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