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coat of arms

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achievement of arms

achievement of arms  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Collected armorial ensigns consisting of shield of arms, crest, helm, mantling, and motto, with supporters and heraldic badge as appropriate. It is corrupted as hatchment, and this term denotes an ...
armiger

armiger  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Someone who is entitled to bear a coat of arms, an esquire.
armorial

armorial  

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Overview Page
A coat of arms used as a decorative motif, especially on 18th-century Chinese export porcelain, where pieces were decorated in China with European coats of arms for export to Europe.
Chinese export porcelain

Chinese export porcelain  

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Overview Page
The term used for Chinese porcelain made specifically for the European market. Ming blue and white wares were exported during the 16th century and by the 17th century large quantities of porcelain, ...
College of Arms

College of Arms  

In the UK, a corporation which officially records and grants armorial bearings. Formed in 1484, it comprises three Kings of Arms, six heralds, and four pursuivants.
eagle

eagle  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
This large bird of prey, renowned for its keen sight and powerful soaring flight, is traditionally regarded as the king of birds. In the 15th-century Boke of St Albans, the eagle is listed in ...
esquire

esquire  

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Originally the shield‐bearer to a knight, by the 16th century an officer of the Crown, and in the following two centuries a man with a coat of arms who was a superior gentleman. In the 19th century ...
fire-back

fire-back  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
As its name implies, a thick panel of cast iron placed at the back of a fire to protect the wall behind from the heat of the fire. Fire-backs have been made since the 16th century and were often ...
gentry

gentry  

Technically the gentry consists of four separately defined groups, socially inferior only to the ranks of the peerage. The senior rank is that of baronet, a position founded in 1611 by James I giving ...
hall chair

hall chair  

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An English chair with a solid seat and back, usually of mahogany, manufactured from the early 18th to the mid-19th century, used in halls and corridors. They were often decorated with a coat of arms ...
inn names and signs

inn names and signs  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
In an illiterate age each tradesman found it necessary to advertise his business by hanging a sign outside his premises. Most of these have long since been abandoned, though the barber's pole and the ...
insignia

insignia  

Latin insigne, emblem or symbol. Physical emblems (indicia) of status or authority, particularly in government or its organs (e.g. in parliament, courts, the defence forces). Flags, robes, badges and ...
map

map  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The Ionian Greeks produced the first maps in the classical tradition (Eratosthenes attributed the first map to Anaximander); the one shown to Cleomenes I of Sparta by Aristagoras of Miletus is one ...
marshalling

marshalling  

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In heraldry, the proper arrangement of armorial bearings to denote rank and condition, connection by marriage, or representation of families. Most marshalling consists of a combination of two or more ...
Meissen

Meissen  

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Fine hard-paste porcelain produced in Meissen, a city in Saxony, eastern Germany, since 1710, in Britain often called Dresden china. The name may be used allusively for the type of a woman whose ...
mister

mister  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
In parish registers and other records of the early modern period most people were recorded only by their Christian name and surname. A ‘Mr’ was someone of at least minor ...
relief

relief  

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Overview Page
[from the Italian rilevare, ‘to raise’]A sculpture made so that all or part of it projects from a flat surface. See letterpress; woodcut.
Victoria County History

Victoria County History  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(VCH)[Or]A programme of research, established in 1899 to mark Queen Victoria's diamond jubilee, aimed at a historical portrayal of the English counties. Although the originators of the work, G. L. ...

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