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aisle

aisle  

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1 Part of a church on either side of the nave or choir, divided from the latter by means of arcades, colonnades, or piers supporting the clerestorey. Aisles are commonly of less height than the nave, ...
Alexander Thomson

Alexander Thomson  

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 (1817–75) Scottish architect.The brightest of Scotland’s Victorian constellation of classical designers, Thomson was Scotland’s equivalent to the impassioned and individualistic English Gothic ...
allering

allering  

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1 Aloring, battlement, or parapet-wall.2 Gutter, gallery, or passage behind a parapet on top of a building.3 Alura, or clerestorey gallery (e.g. at Ely Cathedral).4 Uppermost part of a wall on which ...
alura

alura  

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Gangway, gallery, garden-walk, passage, walkway, or allering behind battlements. A clearstorey gallery, as at Ely Cathedral, the passages in a cloister, or other covered passage, ambulatory.
arcade

arcade  

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1 Series of arches on the same plane, supported by colonnettes, columns, piers, or pilasters. Varieties of arcade include:alternating:with arches springing from the ends of two-column colonnades, ...
Baldassare Longhena

Baldassare Longhena  

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 (1596/9–1682) Italian architect.From a prolific career as the architect of the city of Venice for 45 years, three works can be singled out.Santa Maria della Salute (1631–87) has ...
basilica

basilica  

A large oblong hall or building with double colonnades and a semicircular apse, used in ancient Rome as a law court or for public assemblies. The name was then applied to a building of this type used ...
Byzantine architecture

Byzantine architecture  

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The Byzantine, or Eastern Roman, Empire, began with the foundation of Constantinople (formerly Byzantium) in ad 324 and ended with its capture by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. The Byzantine style began ...
church

church  

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[De]A building belonging to an established religious organization and used for collective Christian worship, the performance of ceremonies, pilgrimage, and the veneration of relics. Early churches ...
Early Christian architecture

Early Christian architecture  

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An integral part of the architecture of the Roman Empire, the most important buildings are of three types: churches, commemorative structures, and covered cemeteries. The exemplar of churches after ...
Edward T. Potter

Edward T. Potter  

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(1831–1904).American architect. He was influenced by Viollet-le-Duc's arguments for using iron in architecture, and by English so-called High Victorian Gothic. Indeed, his First Dutch Reformed ...
Egyptian hall

Egyptian hall  

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Type of grand rectangular public room, neither its style nor form having any connection with Egypt. It was evolved by Palladio based on descriptions in Vitruvius, its essential elements being an ...
hall church

hall church  

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Church with aisles but without a clerestorey, the interior of which is of approximately uniform height throughout, i.e. the nave and aisles are of the same or about the same height. It is a ...
hypostyle

hypostyle  

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Any roofed colonnade, or series of colonnades, as in an Ancient Egyptian temple.
James Brooks

James Brooks  

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 (1825–1901) English architect.He is known for his churches, many in a plain but effective Gothic Revival style based on Pearson’s church at Vauxhall (1863–4), executed in brick, with prominent ...
lean-to

lean-to  

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Structure with a monopitch roof sloping from a taller building or wall, e.g. an aisle of a basilica, leaving the clearstorey rising above. See also pent.
Leon Battista Alberti

Leon Battista Alberti  

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(1404–72).Uomo universale of the Italian early Renaissance, and architect of genius (though never involved in the actual building of his designs), he was the first architectural theorist of the ...
Master of Wells

Master of Wells  

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(fl. c.1175–c.1215). The part of Wells Cathedral in Somerset between the west front and the eastern arm (choir) is unusually of a piece and unified in terms of design and style. Unfortunately the ...
nave

nave  

[Co]The western part of a Christian church, extending westwards from the chancel, whose maintenance was traditionally the responsibility of the parishioners.
oecus

oecus  

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Hall or large room in a Roman house, usually with columns around the interior, like an atrium without compluvium or impluvium. There were four types of oecus:oecus Aegyptus:with columns round the ...

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