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Karl von Clausewitz

(1780—1831)

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Antoine-Henri Jomini

Antoine-Henri Jomini  

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(1779–1869) Swiss authority on the art of war who wrote histories of the campaigns of Frederick the Great and of Napoleon, in whose service he fought. In his writings he ...
Army, U.S.

Army, U.S.  

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The principal land force of the United States, entrusted with defending the country and preserving peace. The first regulary fighting force was the Continental Army, founded June 14, 1775, to ...
art, the military

art, the military  

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Merely to use the term ‘the military art’ is to enter directly into the debate as to whether warfare is indeed an art, thus the province of unquantifiable qualities such ...
attrition

attrition  

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N. the reduction of the effectiveness of a force caused by loss of personnel and materiel.
Basil H. Liddell Hart

Basil H. Liddell Hart  

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(1895–1970), English military writer and theorist.Liddell Hart, Cambridge‐educated, served as an infantry officer on the western front in World War I (twice wounded) and retired from the army as ...
Culture, War, and the Military

Culture, War, and the Military  

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Critiquing Clausewitz's aphorism that war is the continuation of politics by other means, John Keegan argues to the contrary in A History of Warfare (1993) that “war embraces much more ...
Eritrean War of Independence

Eritrean War of Independence  

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Fought since 1961, the war in Eritrea would have earned the dubious distinction of beating Vietnam's record as the longest war in the modern world, had it not ended in ...
FM Graf Alfred von Schlieffen

FM Graf Alfred von Schlieffen  

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(1833–1913).The son of an army officer, Schlieffen was destined for the law but enlisted as a one-year volunteer in 1853 and was commissioned in 1854. He attended the Kriegsakademie ...
FM Graf August Wilhelm Neithardt von Gneisenau

FM Graf August Wilhelm Neithardt von Gneisenau  

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(1760–1831).The son of a Saxon cavalry officer, Gneisenau served briefly in the Austrian cavalry before joining the Bayreuth-Anspach army, which sent him off to serve with the British in ...
general staff

general staff  

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A group of officers in the headquarters of U.S. Army or U.S. Marine divisions, Marine brigades and aircraft wings, or similar units, responsible for assisting their commanders in planning, ...
Gerhard von Scharnhorst

Gerhard von Scharnhorst  

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Literature
(Bordenau, Hanover, 1755–1813, Prague),Prussian general, was born of peasant stock and was the son of a sergeant. After a military education in Schaumburg-Lippe he entered the Hanoverian artillery, ...
guerrilla warfare

guerrilla warfare  

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Gǝˈrilǝ ˈwôrˌfermilitary and paramilitary operations conducted in enemy-held or hostile territory by irregular, predominantly indigenous forces.
Hans David Ludwig von Yorck

Hans David Ludwig von Yorck  

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Literature
(Potsdam, 1759–1830, Klein-Oels, Breslau),a Prussian officer of English descent, was created Graf Yorck von Wartenburg in 1814.Yorck commanded an infantry brigade at Jena in 1806 and emerged from ...
Intelligence

Intelligence  

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N.1 the product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign countries or areas.2 information and ...
Lenin

Lenin  

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History
(1870–1924)A Marxist theoretician and revolutionary, born in Russia, whose early life was characterized by a more or less orthodox Marxism. However, from the late 1890s he developed a distinctive ...
manoeuvre warfare

manoeuvre warfare  

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The term ‘manoeuvre warfare’ has become a mantra. Its original meaning is the movement of forces on the ground into advantageous positions which facilitate the destruction of the enemy or ...
mechanization

mechanization  

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Was the next logical step in the substitution of chemical for muscle power once small and light enough power sources became available. Although men had dreamt of creating armoured fighting ...
military doctrine

military doctrine  

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An approved set of principles and methods, intended to provide large military organizations with a common outlook and a uniform basis for action. Military doctrine makes explicit ideas or assumptions ...
morale

morale  

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N.the confidence, enthusiasm, and discipline of a person or group at a particular time: their morale was high.
mutiny

mutiny  

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N. pl. -ies an open rebellion against the proper authorities, especially by soldiers or sailors against their officers: a mutiny by those manning the weapons could trigger a global war | mutiny at ...

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