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abacus

abacus  

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[Ar]The uppermost member of a capital, set atop a pillar, and, on classical buildings, in contact with the bottom of the entablature. The abacus resembles in form the flat slab on which it was ...
Acanthus

Acanthus  

(family Acanthaceae)A genus of shrubs and perennial herbs, most of which are xeromorphic and have spiny leaves. Some species are cultivated as ornamentals. The upper lip of the corolla is lacking. ...
arabesque

arabesque  

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Fanciful and intricate surface decoration based on geometrical patterns, found from classical art onwards and not necessarily of Arab origin. Unlike grotesque ornament it does not contain human ...
Archaic art

Archaic art  

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Term applied to Greek art in the period before the Classical period, from about 650 bc until about 480 bc (the date of the Persian sack of Athens). The Archaic period is marked by the development of ...
astragal

astragal  

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1 Baguette, bead, chaplet, small convex moulding, or roundel, especially the ring of semicircular section at the top of the shaft of most Classical columns (except Greek Doric), defining the bottom ...
attic

attic  

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A room inside or partly inside the roof of a building. The architectural term originated in the late 17th century, meaning a small Order (column or entablature) above a taller one. When spelt with a ...
battle-piece

battle-piece  

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A painting of a battle or military scene. The great Renaissance battle pictures of Leonardo (Battle of Anghiari 1503–6) and Michelangelo (Battle of Cascina c.1506) are now lost but are known through ...
Camille Corot

Camille Corot  

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(b Paris, 17 July 1796; d Paris, 22 Feb. 1875).French painter, mainly of landscapes. His father was a textile merchant and his mother a fashionable dressmaker, and he was expected to follow them into ...
cella

cella  

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Archaeology
[Co]Latin term for the great hall of a temple in which stood the generally colossal cult statue of the deity. The inner shrine of a Roman temple, edged in many cases by a colonnade or ambulatory.
centaur

centaur  

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In Greek mythology, a creature with the head, arms, and torso of a man and the body and legs of a horse. They are said to have been defeated by the Lapiths in the battle after the wedding of ...
column

column  

[Co]An architectural feature which is both structural and decorative: a cylindrical pillar of wood or stone composed of three parts, a base, a shaft, and a capital. In large stone examples the shaft ...
cornice

cornice  

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A horizontal projection, principally designed to stop rain from running down the face of a wall. In a classical building it forms the topmost part of the entablature, and may ...
dado

dado  

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In classical architecture the portion of a pedestal between its base and cornice; in modern usage the lower portion of an interior wall when decorated separately.
eclecticism

eclecticism  

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(Greek, eklegein, to choose)An eclectic position in philosophy or religion is one that seeks to combine the best elements of other views.
ekphrasis

ekphrasis  

An extended and detailed literary description of any object, real or imaginary. ‘There are ekphraseis of faces and objects and places and ages and many other things’ (Hermogenes).
entablature

entablature  

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[Co]A term to cover all the horizontal stonework resting on a row of columns, including the architrave (the lowest member), the frieze, and the cornice at the top.
entasis

entasis  

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In Classical architecture shafts of columns have a greater diameter at the bottom than at the top: the diminution does not result in slightly battered straight inclining slides, but a subtly convex ...
fluting

fluting  

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Archaeology
[De]Pattern of ornamentation often found on pottery which comprises a series of broad parallel corrugations, either horizontal, diagonal, or vertical, which have a wave‐shaped cross‐section.
folly

folly  

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A costly ornamental building with no practical purpose, especially a tower or mock-Gothic ruin built in a large garden or park.
Gothic Revival

Gothic Revival  

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A revival of the Gothic style of architecture which began in the late 18th cent. with a new romantic interest in the medieval, and produced Walpole's Strawberry Hill and Beckford's Fonthill. This was ...

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