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agora

agora  

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In ancient Greece, a public open space used for assemblies and markets; the term agoraphobia for extreme or irrational fear of open or public places, leading to panic attacks and reclusive behaviour, ...
Agriculture and Animal Husbandry

Agriculture and Animal Husbandry  

From 1740 to 1850, the organization and efficiency of much of western European agriculture were transformed. Sometimes called an agricultural revolution, this process was prior to or concomitant with ...
bourgeoisie

bourgeoisie  

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The commercial class that emerged during the feudal era and that became the principal protagonist of the transition to capitalism and democratic rule. The bourgeoisie began primarily as merchants but ...
bypass

bypass  

A route or road that passes around a city or other congested area.
conurbation

conurbation  

An extensive urban settlement that is formed when two or more cities, which were originally separate, grow together to form a continuous metropolitan region or megalopolis.
Curia

Curia  

(βουλή), city council. In late antiquity curiae administered Cities and their territories, controlled local expenditure, sent embassies to the emperor, issued honorific decrees, and appointed urban ...
Disputations

Disputations  

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Subject:
Religion
Debates between representatives of the Jewish and Christian religions in the Middle Ages in which Jews were compelled to engage with the aim of persuading them that Christianity not Judaism is the ...
exurb

exurb  

American for dormitory settlement. In many cases, amenity migration and the ‘urbanization of the rural’ it produces can be understood as the first signs of exurban development (McCarthy (2008) PHG ...
fortifications

fortifications  

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N.1 (often fortifications) a defensive wall or other reinforcement built to strengthen a place against attack.2 the action of fortifying or process of being fortified: the fortification of the ...
forum Romanum

forum Romanum  

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The chief public square of Rome, surrounded by monumental buildings, occupied a swampy trough between the Palatine, Velia, Quirinal, and Capitol. The area was made suitable for building in the late ...
house

house  

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A house divided cannot stand proverbial saying, mid 11th century; originally with biblical allusion to Matthew 12:25, ‘Every city or house divided against itself shall not stand.’ (Compare united we ...
Kastron

Kastron  

(κάστρον), also kastellion and phrourion, fortress or citadel. Since fortifications became the main external sign of cities, the term kastron came to denote the city as a whole. It was ...
metropolis

metropolis  

A very large urban settlement usually with accompanying suburbs. No precise parameters of size or population density have been established. The structural, functional, and hierarchical evolution of ...
municipality

municipality  

A city, town, or village that enjoys self‐government in local matters.
police

police  

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Subject:
History
The first police force was established at Bow Street, London, in the early 18th century. In 1829 Sir Robert Peel, the Home Secretary, appointed police commissioners to take over responsibility ...
polis

polis  

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Ancient Greek city (πóλιζ) or citystate. It is commonly found combined with other words as a nickname for a town, e.g. Linenopolis for C19 Belfast, and with prefixes such as metro- it means a ...
pomerium

pomerium  

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Was the line demarcating an augurally constituted city. It was a religious boundary, and was distinct both from the city‐wall and the limit of actual habitation, although it might coincide with the ...
Roman trade

Roman trade  

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The central issue for historians, is how to characterize the scale and importance of trade and commerce in the overall economy of the Roman empire. Some emphasize how different, and essentially ...
Romanization

Romanization  

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[Ge]For Francis Haverfield, writing in the early 20th century, Romanization was a historical process involving a material change to native cultures brought about by a strong Roman presence that ...
rural

rural  

Living in or characteristic of farming or country life; beyond the limits of a city, town, village, hamlet, or any other designated residential or commercial area.

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