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Abid Mohamed Medoun Hondo

Abid Mohamed Medoun Hondo  

1936–Expatriate Mauritanian film director whose films focus on the experiences of Africans abroad.The son of farmers, Med Hondo was raised in the Atar region of Mauritania on the edge ...
Achille Campanile

Achille Campanile  

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Literature
(1900–77).Roman playwright, novelist, and journalist. His Futurist theatrical works, such as Centocinquanta la gallina canta (1925), won critical acclaim. But he had more popular success with novels ...
Alberto Bevilacqua

Alberto Bevilacqua  

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Literature
(1934– ).Novelist who is also a prolific journalist and cinema director. He achieved widespread popularity with La califfa (1964), which he adapted as his first film in 1966. His numerous ...
Aldo Busi

Aldo Busi  

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Literature
(1948– )is one of Italy's most prominent and prolific contemporary writers. He has also established himself as a media celebrity, famous for his outrageous charm, and as an acute critic ...
Alessandro Blasetti

Alessandro Blasetti  

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Literature
(1900–87).Italy's foremost film director in the 1930s, very active after World War II, but known mostly for his historical films, such as 1860 (1933) on Garibaldi's first expedition. His ...
Alfred Hitchcock

Alfred Hitchcock  

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Literature
(1899–1980)Film director, born in Leytonstone in east London and educated by Jesuits; he began working in cinema as a designer in 1920, and directing in 1925. The Lodger (1927) ...
Anna Banti

Anna Banti  

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Literature
(1895–1985).Novelist born in Florence who studied history of art in Rome, where she met and married the art historian Roberto Longhi. Her last work, Un grido lacerante (1981), presents ...
Attilio Bertolucci

Attilio Bertolucci  

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Literature
(1911–2000).One of the most important poets of the generation after Montale. Born near Parma, he took a degree in literature at Bologna. After university he taught in Parma until ...
Bantu Educational Cinema Experiment

Bantu Educational Cinema Experiment  

Project conducted by the British government to explore the possible educational uses of film in African colonies.In 1935 the Colonial Office of the British Film Institute assigned British director ...
Belfagor

Belfagor  

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Literature
(1945– ).Fortnightly magazine of politics and culture, taking its name from the arch-devil in Machiavelli's satirical novella. Founded by the literary historian Luigi Russo, it was published ...
Bernardo Bertolucci

Bernardo Bertolucci  

(1940– )Italian film director.Son of the poet and film critic Attilio Bertolucci, Bernardo was born in Parma. As a child he wrote poetry and his first volume of verse, In Search of Mystery, won a ...
Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso  

A landlocked country in West Africa surrounded by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire.Physical.Burkina Faso lies on a plateau, rising highest in the west and cut in the centre by the ...
Carlo Lizzani

Carlo Lizzani  

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Literature
(1922– ),film director, scriptwriter, and historian. He began scripting Neorealist films, then directed his own, often about the Resistance (for example Achtung! Banditi! of 1951), or Italian 20th-c. ...
censorship

censorship  

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Literature
1. Any regime or context in which the content of what is publically expressed, exhibited, published, broadcast, or otherwise distributed is regulated or in which the circulation of information is ...
Cesare Zavattini

Cesare Zavattini  

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Literature
(1902–1989), Italian writer, scriptwriter, painter, and journalist. His work is incisive and polemic but it is also characterized by a tender, fantastic sense of humor; and his interest in children ...
Christian Metz

Christian Metz  

(1931–93)Frenchfilm theorist. Metz introduced film studies to both structuralism and psychoanalysis and in the process helped initiate the establishment of film theory. Instead of asking what films ...
cinematography

cinematography  

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Media studies
The art and techniques of film photography (including lighting). The work of the cinematographer.
comics

comics  

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Literature
These flourished from the end of the 19th century with Ally Sloper's Half‐Holiday (1884–1923) widely acknowledged as the publication that established the form, although comic strips had appeared ...
Curzio Malaparte

Curzio Malaparte  

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Literature
(1898–1957)Controversial writer and journalist. Born in Prato, and already politically active before World War I, he was a volunteer who saw service on various fronts. He first became widely ...
documentary film

documentary film  

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Literature
Emerged in Britain during the 1930s as a distinctive kind of non‐fiction cinema, inspired equally by the romantic ethnography of Robert Flaherty (1884–1951), by Russian film‐makers' montage ...

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