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Abid Mohamed Medoun Hondo

Abid Mohamed Medoun Hondo  

1936–Expatriate Mauritanian film director whose films focus on the experiences of Africans abroad.The son of farmers, Med Hondo was raised in the Atar region of Mauritania on the edge ...
Achille Campanile

Achille Campanile  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1900–77).Roman playwright, novelist, and journalist. His Futurist theatrical works, such as Centocinquanta la gallina canta (1925), won critical acclaim. But he had more popular success with novels ...
Alberto Bevilacqua

Alberto Bevilacqua  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1934– ).Novelist who is also a prolific journalist and cinema director. He achieved widespread popularity with La califfa (1964), which he adapted as his first film in 1966. His numerous ...
Aldo Busi

Aldo Busi  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1948– )is one of Italy's most prominent and prolific contemporary writers. He has also established himself as a media celebrity, famous for his outrageous charm, and as an acute critic ...
Alessandro Blasetti

Alessandro Blasetti  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1900–87).Italy's foremost film director in the 1930s, very active after World War II, but known mostly for his historical films, such as 1860 (1933) on Garibaldi's first expedition. His ...
Alfred Hitchcock

Alfred Hitchcock  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1899–1980)Film director, born in Leytonstone in east London and educated by Jesuits; he began working in cinema as a designer in 1920, and directing in 1925. The Lodger (1927) ...
Anna Banti

Anna Banti  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1895–1985).Novelist born in Florence who studied history of art in Rome, where she met and married the art historian Roberto Longhi. Her last work, Un grido lacerante (1981), presents ...
Attilio Bertolucci

Attilio Bertolucci  

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Literature
(1911–2000).One of the most important poets of the generation after Montale. Born near Parma, he took a degree in literature at Bologna. After university he taught in Parma until ...
Bantu Educational Cinema Experiment

Bantu Educational Cinema Experiment  

Project conducted by the British government to explore the possible educational uses of film in African colonies.In 1935 the Colonial Office of the British Film Institute assigned British director ...
Belfagor

Belfagor  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1945– ).Fortnightly magazine of politics and culture, taking its name from the arch-devil in Machiavelli's satirical novella. Founded by the literary historian Luigi Russo, it was published ...
Bernardo Bertolucci

Bernardo Bertolucci  

(1940– )Italian film director.Son of the poet and film critic Attilio Bertolucci, Bernardo was born in Parma. As a child he wrote poetry and his first volume of verse, In Search of Mystery, won a ...
Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso  

A landlocked country in West Africa surrounded by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire.Physical.Burkina Faso lies on a plateau, rising highest in the west and cut in the centre by the ...
Carlo Lizzani

Carlo Lizzani  

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Literature
(1922– ),film director, scriptwriter, and historian. He began scripting Neorealist films, then directed his own, often about the Resistance (for example Achtung! Banditi! of 1951), or Italian 20th-c. ...
censorship

censorship  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
1. Any regime or context in which the content of what is publically expressed, exhibited, published, broadcast, or otherwise distributed is regulated or in which the circulation of information is ...
Cesare Zavattini

Cesare Zavattini  

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Literature
(1902–1989), Italian writer, scriptwriter, painter, and journalist. His work is incisive and polemic but it is also characterized by a tender, fantastic sense of humor; and his interest in children ...
Christian Metz

Christian Metz  

(1931–93)Frenchfilm theorist. Metz introduced film studies to both structuralism and psychoanalysis and in the process helped initiate the establishment of film theory. Instead of asking what films ...
Cinema

Cinema   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
8,049 words
Illustration(s):
2

This entry consists of three subentries:

cinema

cinema   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
2,588 words

Semiotic studies of cinema started in France in the 1960s and can be divided into two phases. The earlier phase

Cinema

Cinema   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
4,492 words
Illustration(s):
2

The development of cinema was closely linked to Western industrialization. It was exploited in Europe and the United States as

Cinema

Cinema   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
4,873 words

Hollywood and the Hit Parade have walked side by side since 1927 when Jack Robin stopped the audience at Coffee

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