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Winston Churchill

(1874—1965) prime minister

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Admiralty

Admiralty  

Until a permanent royal navy came into being, organization did not need to be elaborate. A commander was appointed for the campaign, after which most of the vessels, being converted merchantmen, ...
aid to civil power

aid to civil power  

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Overview Page
Specifically (in British usage) Military Aid to the Civil Power (MACP) means armed assistance to the police when the latter are unable to cope with riot, organized crime, or terrorism. ...
Alan Brooke Alanbrooke, 1st Viscount

Alan Brooke Alanbrooke, 1st Viscount  

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(1883–1963).Soldier. Chief of the imperial general staff for much of the Second World War, Brooke was the son of an Irish baronet and a member of the protestant ascendancy. After the Royal Military ...
Alec Douglas-Home, Lord Home

Alec Douglas-Home, Lord Home  

(1903–95).Prime minister. Douglas‐Home succeeded to the earldom in 1951 but relinquished it in 1963 to re‐enter the Commons as prime minister, in succession to Harold Macmillan. In 1974 he returned ...
Andrew Bonar Law

Andrew Bonar Law  

(1858–1923)British statesman and Conservative prime minister (1922–23).Born in Canada and brought up in Scotland, Bonar Law entered parliament as a Conservative member in 1900 and became party leader ...
Aneurin Bevan

Aneurin Bevan  

(b. 15 Nov. 1897, d. 6 July 1960).British politician Born in Tredegar, Monmouthshire, he started work in a coalmine at the age of 13. He was active in the South Wales Miners' Federation, and was ...
Anglo-American Arcadia Conference

Anglo-American Arcadia Conference  

A conference begun on December 22, 1941, in Washington, D.C., to address issues of World War II. It was held between British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin ...
Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff

Anglo-American Combined Chiefs of Staff  

The British Chiefs of Staff and the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff acting together in World War II to advise Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt on ...
Anglo-Saxon Review: A Quarterly Miscellany

Anglo-Saxon Review: A Quarterly Miscellany  

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Subject:
Literature
Was published in ten issues between June 1899 and September 1901.Founded by the recently widowed, American-born society figure Lady Randolph Spencer Churchill (1854–1921), mother of Winston ...
Anton Ivanovich Denikin

Anton Ivanovich Denikin  

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History
(1872–1947)Russian general and counter-revolutionary. The son of a serf, he served the Provisional Government as commander of the Western Front in 1917. After the October Revolution (see Russian ...
Archibald Percival Wavell

Archibald Percival Wavell  

(1883–1950).British general, commander‐in‐chief Middle East from July 1939, he directed campaigns against Italians after June 1940. In Cyrenaica he won a series of spectacular victories from December ...
Aristotle Onassis

Aristotle Onassis  

(1906–1975)Greek shipping magnate who married the widow of President> Kennedy.Onassis was born in Smyrna (now Izmir), Turkey, the son of a Greek tobacco merchant. In 1922 the family fled from Turkish ...
armoured warfare

armoured warfare  

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The trade-off between survivability and mobility on the battlefield has been a feature of warfare since the beginning of recorded history: indeed, one can imagine primitive man pondering the merits ...
Arthur Harris

Arthur Harris  

(b. 13 Apr. 1892, d. 5 Apr. 1984).Head of British Bomber Command 1942–5 Born in Cheltenham, he joined the Royal Flying Corps in 1915, after having fought as a soldier in South‐West Africa. He rose ...
Atlantic Charter

Atlantic Charter  

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History
A joint declaration of principles to guide a post‐World War II peace settlement. It resulted from a meeting at sea between Churchill and F. D. Roosevelt on 14 August 1941. It stipulated freely chosen ...
Basil H. Liddell Hart

Basil H. Liddell Hart  

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(1895–1970), English military writer and theorist.Liddell Hart, Cambridge‐educated, served as an infantry officer on the western front in World War I (twice wounded) and retired from the army as ...
Battle of Anzio

Battle of Anzio  

Also known as Operation Shingle (January–May 1944) a World War II battle to maintain positions after an amphibious landing at Anzio on the Italian coast. On January 22, 36,000 Allied ...
Battle of Britain

Battle of Britain  

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Overview Page
A series of air battles fought over Britain (August–October 1940), in which the RAF successfully resisted raids by the numerically superior German air force. Winston Churchill said in the House of ...
battle of Gazala

battle of Gazala  

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Fought from 26 May to 17 June 1942 when Rommel attacked the British and Commonwealth Eighth Army's Gazala Line west of his immediate objective, Tobruk. By doing so he pre-empted ...
Battle of Jutland

Battle of Jutland  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A major naval battle in the First World War, fought between the British Grand Fleet under Admiral Jellicoe and the German High Seas Fleet in the North Sea west of Jutland on 31 May 1916. Although the ...

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