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Noam Chomsky

(b. 1928) American theoretical linguist

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Algirdas Julien Greimas

Algirdas Julien Greimas  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(1917–92)*Structuralist, semiologist, whose work influenced figures as diverse as Roland Barthes and Fredric Jameson (an avid exponent of Greimas's semiotic squares). He was part of a great ...
B. F. Skinner

B. F. Skinner  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1904–1990)US psychologist and one of the leading members of a US-based school of experimental psychology that arose in the 1930s and was concerned with investigating the learning ability of animals ...
competence

competence  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The term established by the American linguist Noam Chomsky to denote that unconscious store of linguistic knowledge which enables us to speak and understand our first language properly without having ...
Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1884–1939)German-born US linguist and anthropologist.Born in Lauenberg, Germany, Sapir went to the USA in 1889, at the age of five, and graduated from Columbia University, where he studied German ...
generative grammar

generative grammar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The theory of language structures first proposed in Chomsky's Syntactic Structures (1957). Just as physics studies the forms of physically possible processes, so linguistics should study the form of ...
George Armitage Miller

George Armitage Miller  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1920–)George A. Miller was born on 3 February 1920 in Charleston, West Virginia. He received his BA in 1940 and a Masters in Speech Science in 1941, both from ...
Gilbert Harman

Gilbert Harman  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1938– ).Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University, best known for contributions in the philosophy of mind, epistemology, and ethics. Although it is common to equate ‘being rational’ with ...
grammar

grammar  

The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics; ...
Index on Censorship

Index on Censorship  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A periodical founded in 1972 by Writers and Scholars International, a group of writers, scholars, artists, and intellectuals concerned with the promotion of free expression, formed largely at the ...
innate ideas

innate ideas  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Ideas that are inborn and not the product of experience. The controversy over their existence formed a major element in Locke's rejection of the philosophy of Descartes, and Locke was in turn ...
interpretive community

interpretive community  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A term introduced by Fish to refer to both writers and readers of particular genres of texts (but which can be used more widely to refer to those who share any code). Kuhn used the term ‘textual ...
Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget  

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Overview Page
(1896–1980)Swiss psychologist noted for his studies of thought processes in children and widely regarded as one of the most important psychologists of the twentieth century. His descriptions of the ...
Jerrold Jacob Katz

Jerrold Jacob Katz  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1932–2002)Jerrold Katz was born on 14 July 1932 in Washington, D.C. He received his BA from George Washington University in 1954. He served with the US Army Counter Intelligence ...
Jerry Alan Fodor

Jerry Alan Fodor  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1935– )American philosopher of mind. Born in New York city and educated at Columbia and Princeton, Fodor teaches at Rutgers and the City University of New York. He is known for a resolute realism ...
language of thought

language of thought  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Following Aristotle some have argued that the significance of spoken words derives from intrinsically meaningful interior ‘speech’. According to Ockham the propositio vocalis is posterior to and ...
Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1887–1949)US linguist, regarded as the most important structural linguist of his generation.Born in Chicago, Bloomfield was educated at Harvard and subsequently taught first Germanic philology and ...
linguistics

linguistics  

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Overview Page
For much of the early history of the social sciences, linguistics was a method within anthropology for investigating the social arrangements of different cultures through the particularities of ...
linguistics

linguistics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(also ‘theoretical’ or ‘general’ linguistics), a term used to characterize the study of language in the 20th cent. owing much to the Swiss linguist Saussure; it distinguishes itself from earlier ...
New Ethnography

New Ethnography  

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Overview Page
Often used interchangeably with ethnoscience and cognitive anthropology, New Ethnography investigates differences in systems of classification among cultures in order to understand the “knowledge ...
New York Review of Books

New York Review of Books  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1963–),founded during a printers' strike against New York newspapers as a single-issue journal to dramatize the need for a new kind of book review as well as to fill the gap left by the suspension ...

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