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Noam Chomsky

(b. 1928) American theoretical linguist

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Algirdas Julien Greimas

Algirdas Julien Greimas  

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Overview Page
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Linguistics
(1917–92)*Structuralist, semiologist, whose work influenced figures as diverse as Roland Barthes and Fredric Jameson (an avid exponent of Greimas's semiotic squares). He was part of a great ...
B. F. Skinner

B. F. Skinner  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1904–1990)US psychologist and one of the leading members of a US-based school of experimental psychology that arose in the 1930s and was concerned with investigating the learning ability of animals ...
Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam (1928)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
99 words

US professor of linguistics. In Syntactic Structures (1957), he developed the concept of a transformational grammar, embodying

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam (1928– )   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
762 words

(1928– ).

American linguist and philosopher whose pioneering work on language, Syntactic Structures (1957), and devastating ‘Review

Chomsky, Noam

Chomsky, Noam   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

(1928– ),

American critic and linguist, born in Philadelphia, educated at the University of Pennsylvania. He has held many academic posts in America and Britain, and in ...

Chomsky, Noam Avram

Chomsky, Noam Avram (1928–)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,698 words

Noam Chomsky was born on 7 December 1928 to William (Zev) Chomsky and Elsie Simonofsky in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His father

Chomsky, Noam Avram

Chomsky, Noam Avram (1928– )   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
501 words

US linguist, philosopher, and political activist, famous for his creation of the Chomskyan revolution in linguistics.

Born in Philadelphia, the son of a Hebrew scholar, ...

competence

competence  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The term established by the American linguist Noam Chomsky to denote that unconscious store of linguistic knowledge which enables us to speak and understand our first language properly without having ...
Edward Sapir

Edward Sapir  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1884–1939)German-born US linguist and anthropologist.Born in Lauenberg, Germany, Sapir went to the USA in 1889, at the age of five, and graduated from Columbia University, where he studied German ...
generative grammar

generative grammar  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The theory of language structures first proposed in Chomsky's Syntactic Structures (1957). Just as physics studies the forms of physically possible processes, so linguistics should study the form of ...
George Armitage Miller

George Armitage Miller  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1920–)George A. Miller was born on 3 February 1920 in Charleston, West Virginia. He received his BA in 1940 and a Masters in Speech Science in 1941, both from ...
Gilbert Harman

Gilbert Harman  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1938– ).Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University, best known for contributions in the philosophy of mind, epistemology, and ethics. Although it is common to equate ‘being rational’ with ...
grammar

grammar  

The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics; ...
Index on Censorship

Index on Censorship  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A periodical founded in 1972 by Writers and Scholars International, a group of writers, scholars, artists, and intellectuals concerned with the promotion of free expression, formed largely at the ...
innate ideas

innate ideas  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Ideas that are inborn and not the product of experience. The controversy over their existence formed a major element in Locke's rejection of the philosophy of Descartes, and Locke was in turn ...
interpretive community

interpretive community  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A term introduced by Fish to refer to both writers and readers of particular genres of texts (but which can be used more widely to refer to those who share any code). Kuhn used the term ‘textual ...
Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget  

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Overview Page
(1896–1980)Swiss psychologist noted for his studies of thought processes in children and widely regarded as one of the most important psychologists of the twentieth century. His descriptions of the ...
Jerrold Jacob Katz

Jerrold Jacob Katz  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1932–2002)Jerrold Katz was born on 14 July 1932 in Washington, D.C. He received his BA from George Washington University in 1954. He served with the US Army Counter Intelligence ...
Jerry Alan Fodor

Jerry Alan Fodor  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1935– )American philosopher of mind. Born in New York city and educated at Columbia and Princeton, Fodor teaches at Rutgers and the City University of New York. He is known for a resolute realism ...
language of thought

language of thought  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Following Aristotle some have argued that the significance of spoken words derives from intrinsically meaningful interior ‘speech’. According to Ockham the propositio vocalis is posterior to and ...

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