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cholera

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AB toxins

AB toxins  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Multisubunit toxins that have an active (A) portion and a portion involved in binding (B) to target cells. The A portion is toxic if introduced directly into the cytoplasm. In several types (cholera ...
ADP-ribosylation

ADP-ribosylation  

A post-translational modification of proteins by the addition of the ADP-ribosyl moiety of NAD. It is a normal regulatory mechanism but is also the way in which several AB toxins have their effects. ...
biological and chemical warfare

biological and chemical warfare  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Chemical and biological weapons are often considered together because they are weapons of mass destruction. Chemical weapons have been used in recent years by nations and terrorist groups but there ...
cholera

cholera   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
17 words

A water-borne disease endemic in India, which struck Britain in 1831–2 and again in 1848.

cholera

cholera   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
59 words

Infectious disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, transmitted in contaminated water. Cholera, prevalent in many tropical regions, produces

cholera

cholera   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
141 words
A water‐borne disease endemic in India, which struck Britain in 1831–2 and again in 1848. It caused violent vomiting and was very often fatal. About 53 000 people in England and Wales died ... More
cholera

cholera   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
183 words

a disease spread via contaminated water or food, had been endemic in Bengal for centuries; it reached Europe in the

Cholera

Cholera   Reference library

Paul T. Fisher

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,156 words
Illustration(s):
1
Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Most cases are minor, with few or no symptoms, but approximately 5 percent of ... More
cholera

cholera   Reference library

Jacalyn Duffin

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
298 words
A disease caused by drinking water infected with the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, it is characterized by copious watery diarrhea, dehydration, blue discoloration of face and extremities, and ... More
Cholera.

Cholera.   Reference library

Howard Markel

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
496 words
No disease, with the possible exception of yellow fever, aroused more fear in nineteenth-century America than cholera, a deadly affliction that attacks the gastrointestinal system and ... More
cholera: The Great Killers

cholera: The Great Killers   Reference library

Gordon C. Cook

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
1,149 words
Cholera is an acute bacterial infection (caused by Vibrio cholerae — a non-invasive bacterium called a vibrio or the ‘comma bacillus’) involving the small intestine. A disease clinically ... More
coliform bacteria

coliform bacteria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A group of Gram-negative rodlike bacteria that are normally found in the gastrointestinal tract and have the ability to ferment the sugar lactose. The group includes the genera Enterobacter, ...
CTX

CTX  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. Crosslinked C-telopeptide of collagen type I, a marker for bone degradation.2. Cefotaxime, a beta-lactam antibiotic.3. Bacterial genes (CTX-M genes) that encode extended-spectrum beta-lactamases ...
cystic fibrosis

cystic fibrosis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An inherited disorder affecting the exocrine glands, particularly the mucous secreting glands. Respiratory infection is a common complication and, in addition, oral signs can include tooth ...
disease

disease  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Any illness or abnormal condition of the body with a specific cause (which may or may not be known), excluding physical trauma, that has recognizable signs and symptoms.
dysentery

dysentery  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A severe diarrhoea caused by infection of the gut with Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri, Shigella boydii, or Shigella sonnei (shigellosis or bacillary dysentery) or with Entamoeba histolytica ...
El Niño

El Niño  

[Spanish: ‘the (Christ) child’]A warm southward-flowing current that appears along the coast of Ecuador and Peru around Christmas. It was considered to bring a pleasant respite from the cold Peru ...
enterotoxin

enterotoxin  

n. a poisonous substance that has a particularly marked effect upon the gastrointestinal tract, causing vomiting, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain.
epidemic

epidemic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. a sudden outbreak of infectious disease that spreads rapidly through the population, affecting a large proportion of people. The commonest epidemics today are of influenza. Compare endemic, ...
epidemiology

epidemiology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(epi-dee-mi-ol-ŏji)the study of the distribution of diseases and determinants of diseases in populations, including all forms of disease that relate to the environment and ways of life.

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