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Andrés Bello

Andrés Bello  

(1781–1865), Venezuelan essayist, philologist, linguist, jurist, literary critic, professor, statesman, poet, and translator. Andrés Bello was born in Caracas, Venezuela, on 29 November 1781. He is ...
Augusto Pinochet

Augusto Pinochet  

(1915–2006)Chilean soldier who overthrew Salvador Allende to become president of Chile (1973–89).Pinochet was born in Chile and educated at the Military Academy School of Infantry, having joined the ...
Brazil

Brazil  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Destined by size to be the leading country of South America, Brazil is only just starting to realize its potentialBrazil's huge landmass occupies almost half the continent of South America. ...
Carter Center

Carter Center  

The Carter Center is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and First Lady Rosalynn Carter to promote human rights and democracy, prevent and ...
Chicago Boys

Chicago Boys  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The designation “Chicago Boys” refers to a group of approximately twenty-five Chilean economists who studied free-market economic theories under Milton Friedman, Arnold Harberger, and other members ...
film

film  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
International Organization for Migration

International Organization for Migration  

(IOM)The main intergovernmental organization concerned with migration, established in 1951 to assist in resettling many millions of people displaced from their homes and habitats by wars in many ...
Jacobo Timerman

Jacobo Timerman  

The renowned Jewish Argentine journalist Jacobo Timerman was illegally arrested and interrogated during the military dictatorship of the 1970s for his documentation of the regime's human rights ...
Max Van Der Stoel

Max Van Der Stoel  

Max Van der Stoel, a member of the Labor Party, has developed a reputation as a fighter for human rights, both as a member of parliment in the Netherlands and ...
Mill Hill Missionaries

Mill Hill Missionaries  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Officially ‘St Joseph's Society for Foreign Missions’, a RC missionary society of secular priests and lay brothers devoted to the propagation of the Gospel among unevangelized peoples. It was founded ...
National Courts

National Courts  

National courts—the judicial systems of sovereign states—are crucial to the enforcement of international human rights. Many national legal systems offer means by which international human rights ...
Peace Movements in Latin America

Peace Movements in Latin America  

Peace movements in Latin America can be traced to the second half of the twentieth century. As in the rest of the world, the characterization of the peace movement in ...
Rapanui

Rapanui  

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Overview Page
Better known as Easter Island in the Western world, Rapanui is an overseas territory of Chile in the eastern Pacific Ocean about 1,250 miles (2,000 kilometers) from its nearest Polynesian ...
Salvador Allende

Salvador Allende  

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(b. 26 July 1908, d. 11 Sept. 1973).President of Chile 1970–3 The son of wealthy parents, he qualified as a doctor in 1932. In 1933 he helped found the Socialist Party of Chile, and he was its ...
Santiago Ballet

Santiago Ballet  

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Overview Page
Chilean ballet company founded by Vadim Sulima and Nina Gritsova, and originating in the ballet school founded in 1949. In 1960 both school and company were reorganized by Ottavio Cintolesi to focus ...
Social Justice Movements of Latin America

Social Justice Movements of Latin America  

Demands for social justice are rarely unambiguous. Worldwide we have seen small communities, large organizations, and national governments struggle at great effort to address the ills of human ...
South America

South America  

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Overview Page
The southern half of the American land mass, connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Amerindian ...
torture

torture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Under section 134 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988, the offence committed by a public official (or someone with the official's acquiescence) of intentionally inflicting severe physical or mental ...
Truth Commission

Truth Commission  

A state-supported, temporary body with a specific mandate to investigate and report on past human rights abuses that occurred over a specified period. Such commissions have a restorative justice ...
War of the Pacific

War of the Pacific  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In late 1878, Bolivia's dictator, Hilarión Daza, raised the taxes on Chilean companies mining nitrate (salitre) in the Bolivian Atacama Desert. Although the increase, ten cents, was insignificant, ...

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