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Vere Gordon Childe

(1892—1957) prehistorian and labour theorist

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Andrew George Sherratt

Andrew George Sherratt  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
(1946–2006) [Bi]Polymathic Old World prehistorian. Born in Oldham, Lancashire, Sherratt studied at Peterhouse, Cambridge, and graduated in archaeology and anthropology in 1968. As a postgraduate at ...
Bandkeramik

Bandkeramik  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
Is the term that embraces the first farming cultures of central Europe. In the 1880s, the German prehistorian Friedrich Klopfleisch identified the Linearbandkeramik on the basis of its distinctive ...
Beaker culture

Beaker culture  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
[CP]A general term for widely scattered groups of late Neolithic and early Bronze Age communities of the late 3rd and early 2nd millennia bc, whose material culture includes substantial amounts of ...
Bruce Trigger

Bruce Trigger  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
(1937–2006) [Bi]Canadian archaeologist, Egyptologist, authority on the aboriginal cultures of North America, and historian of the discipline. Born in Preston, Ontario, Trigger took his doctorate at ...
Clyde–Carlingford Culture

Clyde–Carlingford Culture  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
[CP]Now obsolete term coined by Gordon Childe in the 1930s and developed by Stuart Piggott in the 1950s to refer to the middle Neolithic communities living around the North Channel in southwestern ...
culture

culture  

The way of life of a people, including their attitudes, values, beliefs, arts, sciences, modes of perception, and habits of thought and activity. Cultural features of forms of life are learned but ...
Culture Historical Theory

Culture Historical Theory  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
Is actually a misnomer deriving more from the needs of the organization of this volume than from any historical reality. The culture historical approach was really just that, an approach ...
Culture-people Hypothesis

Culture-people Hypothesis  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The culture-people model proposes that distinctive archaeological cultures, which are comprised of “packages” of artifacts repeatedly used together in a particular time and place, are the remains of ...
Domestication of Animals

Domestication of Animals  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The domestication of animals involves a shift in the relationship between hunters and their prey. Successful hunting of wild game using traditional weapons, such as bows and arrows, spears, and ...
evolutionism

evolutionism  

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Overview Page
In the 19th century, evolutionism was a current of thought based on a biological analogy, but distinguished from Darwinian theory by its deterministic nature. Darwin's general theory of evolution ...
Gustaf Kossinna

Gustaf Kossinna  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1858–1931) [Bi]German linguist and prehistorian well known for his nationalistic views on the use of archaeological research. Born in Tilsit, East Prussia, he attended the universities of Göttingen, ...
Indo-European

Indo-European  

Of or relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India.The Indo-European languages have a history of over 3,000 years. Their unattested, ...
Isobel Foster Smith

Isobel Foster Smith  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
(1912–2005) [Bi]Prehistorian and expert on British Neolithic pottery. Brought up in rural Ontario, Smith took a degree in English and French at University College, University of Toronto, in 1935 ...
labour history

labour history  

Is an important specialism which has greatly extended its scope in the last 50 years. Scholars' perspectives, apart from exceptions such as J. L. and B. Hammond, concentrated on institutions ...
Maes Howe Group

Maes Howe Group  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]A regional group of developed passage graves defined by Audrey Henshall. Centred on Orkney in the far north of Scotland, the group is named after the type‐site of Maes Howe. About twelve examples ...
Marxism

Marxism  

The political and economic theories of the German political philosopher and economists Karl Marx (1818–83) and Friedrich Engels (1820–95), later developed by their followers to form the basis for the ...
Marxist archaeology

Marxist archaeology  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Th]An approach to archaeological interpretation and explanation that draws on the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels to explore materialist models of social change and the central questions of ...
Neolithic Revolution

Neolithic Revolution  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ge]A term popularized by Gordon Childe in the 1940s to reflect the huge impact on life that was made by the development and spread of farming, which he saw as one of two critical moments in early ...
oasis theory

oasis theory  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Th]A general theory explaining the development of agriculture and the Neolithic way of life that was first put forward by Pumpelly in 1908, reiterated by Newberry in 1924, and popularized by Gordon ...
Prehistoric Archaeology

Prehistoric Archaeology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Is a field of research that encompasses all of the pre-urban societies of the world, which by definition have no written records to provide direct accounts by observers and participants. ...

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