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Bolshevism

Bolshevism  

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Overview Page
Political theory and practice of the Bolshevik Party which, under Lenin, came to power during the Russian Revolution of October 1917. The Bolshevik (meaning ‘majority’) radical communist faction ...
Feliks Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky

Feliks Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky  

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Overview Page
(b. 11 Sept. 1877, d. 20 July 1926).Soviet politician Born in Dzerzhinovo, near Minsk, as the son of a Polish nobleman, he became a revolutionary for the Lithuanian‐Polish Marxist parties in 1896. He ...
Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko

Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko  

(b. 14 Sept. 1911, d. 10 Mar. 1985).General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union 1984–5 Born in Novoselovo, he joined the Communist Party in 1930 and, after serving in the Cheka ...
Lavrenti Beria

Lavrenti Beria  

(1899–1953)Soviet politician and head of the secret police (NKVD and MVD) (1938–53). Born in Georgia, he rose to prominence within the Soviet Communist Party under Stalin's patronage. As head of the ...
Lenin

Lenin  

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History
(1870–1924)A Marxist theoretician and revolutionary, born in Russia, whose early life was characterized by a more or less orthodox Marxism. However, from the late 1890s he developed a distinctive ...
Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bulganin

Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bulganin  

(b. 11 June 1895, d. 26 Feb. 1975).Soviet statesman Born in Nijni Novgorod, he fought in World War I and joined the Communist Party at the time of the Russian Revolutions in 1917. He contributed to ...
NKVD

NKVD  

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Overview Page
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History
(initial Russian letters for ‘People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs’) The Soviet secret police agency responsible from 1934 for internal security and the labour prison camps, having absorbed the ...
prison camps, Soviet

prison camps, Soviet  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Punitive institutions for forced labour in the former Soviet Union. The tradition of exiling political protesters and reformers to Siberia was well-established in 19th-century Russia. By a decree of ...
Russian Civil War

Russian Civil War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1918–21)A conflict fought in Russia between the anti-communist White Army supported by some Western powers, and the Red Army of the Soviets in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution of 1917. It is ...
Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution  

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History
(1917)The overthrow of the government of Nicholas II in Russia and its replacement by Bolshevik rule under the leadership of Lenin. It was completed in two stages – a liberal (Menshevik) revolution ...
Soviet Union

Soviet Union  

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A former federation of 15 republics occupying the northern half of Asia and part of Eastern Europe, comprising Russia, Belorussia (Belarus), Ukraine, the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, and ...

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