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Chartism

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age of Equipoise

age of Equipoise  

This term is used to signify a generation of political and social calm in mid‐Victorian Britain. In his book The Age of Equipoise (1964), W. L. Burns identified the period ...
Alexander Campbell

Alexander Campbell  

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Overview Page
(1796–1870)Campbell was born in 1796 near the point of Skipness, in Kintyre, Argyllshire. He died at his home in North Coburg Street, Glasgow, on 10 February 1870. He was ...
Alton Locke, Tailor and Poet

Alton Locke, Tailor and Poet  

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Overview Page
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Literature
An Autobiography A novel by Charles Kingsley, published 1850. Alton Locke, son of a small London tradesman and educated by a widowed Baptist mother, is apprenticed to a tailor in ...
Angela Burdett Coutts

Angela Burdett Coutts  

(1814–1906), heiress and philanthropist. She inherited her wealth from Thomas Coutts, the banker. Her benefactions to the C of E included the building and endowment of a number of churches and the ...
Australian Settlement

Australian Settlement  

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Overview Page
The concept of an Australian Settlement has increasingly come into use as a way of framing political history and Australian political thought. Although the range, character and significance of a ...
Birmingham Political Union

Birmingham Political Union  

Formed in 1830 by Thomas Attwood to press for parliamentary reform as a remedy for economic distress. Led by local businessmen and manufacturers, the BPU aimed to unite middle‐ and working‐class ...
Charles Kingsley

Charles Kingsley  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1819–75).Vicar of Eversley (Hants), social reformer, novelist, and ‘muscular Christian’. Influenced by F. D. Maurice and Thomas Carlyle, Kingsley became a leading spirit in the Christian socialist ...
Christian Socialism

Christian Socialism  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A 19th-cent. movement for social reform initiated by members of the C of E. The first phase, beginning in 1848, was an attempt to counter Chartism within the working classes by providing an ...
coffee houses

coffee houses  

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Overview Page
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Literature
The first coffee house in England was reputedly established in London in 1650 at the Angel. They became popular after the Restoration and remained so during the 18th century. The fashion spread ...
Commonwealth–state relations

Commonwealth–state relations  

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Overview Page
Cover a broad range of associations, agreements, and institutional arrangements for carrying on the complex business of governing in a federal system. The constitution provides the basic skeleton of ...
complementary medicine

complementary medicine  

Various forms of medicine that are considered as complementary to conventional medicine. These include acupuncture, osteopathy, homeopathy, aromatherapy, and reflexology. Some of these forms of ...
condition of England

condition of England  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A phrase coined by Thomas Carlyle in the opening words of Past and Present (1843) to describe the social and political inequalities in what Benjamin Disraeli, in Sybil (1845), was ...
co-operative movement

co-operative movement  

An organization owned by and run for the benefit of its members. First developed in many of the new industrial towns in Britain at the end of the 18th century, the Cooperative Movement was largely an ...
Daniel O'Connell

Daniel O'Connell  

(1775–1847)Irish nationalist leader and social reformer. His election to Parliament in 1828 forced the British government to grant Catholic Emancipation in order to enable him to take his seat in the ...
Duke of Wellington

Duke of Wellington  

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History
(1769–1852)British soldier and Tory statesman, Prime Minister (1828–30; 1834). Born in Ireland, he served as commander of British forces in the Peninsular War, winning a series of victories against ...
Endymion

Endymion  

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Literature
A novel by B. Disraeli, published 1880.The novel is set in the period between 1830 and the early 1850s and describes the political and social scene of that time; the antagonism between Whig and Tory; ...
Eureka Stockade

Eureka Stockade  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A rebellion of miners on the Ballarat goldfields in 1854, has become a symbol of democratic protest and national identity. In October 1854 James Scobie, a Scottish digger, seeking a ...
Feargus O'Connor

Feargus O'Connor  

(1794–1855).Chartist. An Irish barrister, O'Connor was MP (and follower of Daniel O'Connell) for Cork in 1832 and for Nottingham (as a chartist) in 1847. He was the greatest of the chartist leaders, ...
Francis Place

Francis Place  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1771–1854).The ‘radical tailor of Charing Cross’ was associated, either directly or indirectly, with virtually every reform movement from the corresponding societies to chartism. He rose from being ...
Great Reform Act

Great Reform Act  

1832.The first major reform of the representative system since the time of Cromwell. Lord Grey saw reform as a means of satisfying the desire of the respectable middle classes for greater ...

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