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Charles IV

(1316—1378)

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Bartolo da Sassoferrato

Bartolo da Sassoferrato  

(1313–57),Italian jurist and political theorist. He studied law at Perugia and Bologna and practised as a judicial assessor at Todi and Pisa, and from 1343 taught law at Perugia. ...
Bohemia

Bohemia  

A region forming the western part of the Czech Republic, originally a Slavic kingdom, later subject to Austrian rule.In Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale (1610–11), Perdita is abandoned as an infant on ...
Bohemian book illumination

Bohemian book illumination  

*Manuscript illuminations of the pre-Romanesque and Romanesque periods are scarce (the Gumboldt Legend, the Vyšehrad Gospels, Codex Gigas). In the first half of the 14th century, the Passionale of ...
Bohemian School

Bohemian School  

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Overview Page
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History
A term used to describe art produced in Bohemia in the second half of the 14th century, in particular during the reign of Charles IV, King of Bohemia from 1346 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1355. The ...
Brandenburg

Brandenburg  

(town and bishopric) (founded 948, renewed 1161). Initially a Slavic settlement, Brandenburg was conquered by Albrecht ‘the Bear’ in 1157. At that time Brandenburg consisted of several settlements ...
bull

bull  

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A papal edict. Recorded from Middle English, the word comes via Old French from Latin bulla ‘bubble, rounded object’, in medieval Latin, ‘seal or sealed document’. Also called papal bull.
Charles University

Charles University  

Towards the end of the 13th century, an attempt by King Wenceslas II to institute a university in Prague was thwarted by the Bohemian nobility. However, the efforts were successfully ...
Charles V

Charles V  

(1337–80)King of France (1364–80). He earned his nickname from his intellectual pursuits which included book-collecting and artistic patronage, his religious piety, and his cautious adoption of ...
Cheb

Cheb  

City on the border between Bohemia, Bavaria, and Saxony, first documented as Egire in 1061. Even though an important place on the trade routes to the west, it was regarded ...
Cola di Rienzo

Cola di Rienzo  

(c.1313–54), Tribune of the Roman People. In 1343 he was part of a Roman embassy sent to Clement VI to persuade him to return to Rome; his ability impressed the Pope. In May 1347 he stirred up a ...
corona regni

corona regni  

(Hungary, Bohemia, Poland) In central Europe the metaphor of ‘crown’ for the royal office or dignity, widely used in other kingdoms also, played a particularly important role in the development ...
elections, royal and ecclesiastical

elections, royal and ecclesiastical  

In the patristic era, bishops (for example, St Martin of Tours and Ambrose of Milan) were selected by a process including popular participation. Papal elections in the early MA occurred ...
Emmaus

Emmaus  

*Monastery (known as Na Slovanech) founded by Charles IV in the New Town of Prague and settled by Croatian Slavonic-speaking Benedictines who renewed Slavonic liturgy, writing, and culture in Prague. ...
Ernst of Pardubice

Ernst of Pardubice  

(c.1305/10–1364) First archbishop of Prague.After studies in Italy, he joined the Prague clergy, becoming bishop in 1343 (archbishop 1344), and worked for reform. The synod of 1349 passed provincial ...
Fontainebleau

Fontainebleau  

Near Paris, hunting grounds for French royalty, with a chapel established by Louis VII. It was the site of a French–English truce agreed by Charles IV and Edward II, as ...
Great Schism

Great Schism  

1378–1417.After the papacy's stay from 1309 at Avignon, an enclave in southern France, the Roman populace in 1378 demanded an Italian pope and the conclave, intimidated, elected Urban VI. Within ...
Heinrich von Mügeln

Heinrich von Mügeln  

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Literature
(c.1319–c.1380) Learned and versatile poet writing in Latin and in MHG.Key topics include cosmology, the seven liberal arts, and Mariology. He is associated with the court of Charles IV in Prague. ...
Hohenzollern

Hohenzollern  

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History
A German dynastic family from which came the kings of Prussia from 1701 to 1918 and German emperors (of whom the last was Kaiser Wilhelm II) from 1871 to 1918.
House of Navarre

House of Navarre  

While there never was a “House of Navarre,” the ambitions that swirled around the little kingdom at the western end of the Pyrenees provide a focus for the coalescence of ...
Hundred Years War

Hundred Years War  

This potentially misleading term denotes the series of conflicts between England and France between 1337 and 1453. Edward III's claim to the French throne, via his mother Isabella of France ...

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