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Charles I

(1600—1649) king of England, Scotland, and Ireland

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Accession Service

Accession Service  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The form of prayer for use on the anniversary of the accession of the reigning British sovereign, printed at the end of the BCP.
Act of Settlement

Act of Settlement  

A statute of 1701 that vested the British Crown in Sophia of Hanover (granddaughter of James I of England and VI of Scotland) and her Protestant heirs, so excluding Roman Catholics, including the ...
Alexander Henderson

Alexander Henderson  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(c.1583–1646), Scottish Covenanting leader. He was mainly responsible for drafting the National Covenant of 1638, and during the Bishops' Wars of 1639–40 he was the recognized leader of the Scottish ...
Andrew Marvell

Andrew Marvell  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1621–1678) English poetThe First Anniversary of the Government Under the Lord Protector (1655) PoetryThe Character of Holland (1665) PoetryThe Rehearsal Transpros'd [part i; part ii, 1673] (1672) ...
Anne

Anne  

(1665–1714)Queen of England and Scotland (known as Great Britain from 1707) and Ireland 1702–14. The last of the Stuart monarchs, daughter of the Catholic James II (but herself a Protestant), she ...
armill

armill  

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Overview Page
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Religion
One of the British Coronation regalia. The word means a bracelet, but in the Liber Regalis and elsewhere it has been applied to a garment resembling a stole and held to signify the quasi-priestly ...
battle of Naseby

battle of Naseby  

1645.The battle in the first civil war that extinguished royalist hopes which, after the defeat at Marston Moor, had rested largely on Montrose's brilliant Scottish campaign. In May 1645 Prince ...
Ben Jonson

Ben Jonson  

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Literature
(1572/3–1637),born in London of Border descent. He was educated at Westminster School under Camden. During the early 1590s he worked as a bricklayer in his stepfather's employ, and saw military ...
Bishops' Wars

Bishops' Wars  

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History
(1639–40)Two brief conflicts over Charles I's attempt to impose Anglicanism on the Scots, and important as a factor leading to the outbreak of the English Civil War. Since 1625 the king had been ...
book of sports

book of sports  

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Religion
Sunday, the one non‐working day in the week, was traditionally a time for recreation, but puritan clergy, equating it with the sabbath, kept it ‘holy’ by banning customary pastimes. This threatened ...
Brian Duppa

Brian Duppa  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1588–1662), Bp. successively of Chichester (from 1638), Salisbury (1641), and Winchester (1660). From 1645 to 1660 he was one of the leaders of the persecuted Church; he tried to keep the extruded ...
Caroline Divines

Caroline Divines  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The Anglican theologians of the 17th cent., especially as considered as exponents of High Church principles.
civil wars

civil wars  

1642–51.In 1629 Charles I dismissed Parliament, resolving never to call another. He might have succeeded but for the problem of the multiple kingdoms. During the 1630s he decided to bring Scottish ...
congregationalism

congregationalism  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Protestant churches based on local autonomy and the equality of all believers. Baptism and the Lord's Supper are the only sacraments accepted. As in other reformed Churches, there are ministers who ...
Covenanters

Covenanters  

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History
An adherent of the National Covenant (1638) or the Solemn League and Covenant (1643), upholding the organization of the Scottish Presbyterian Church.
Cymbeline

Cymbeline  

A play by Shakespeare, first published in the Folio of 1623. It may have been written in 1609/10, probably first performed 1611. Its sources are Holinshed, A Mirror for Magistrates, and perhaps ...
Cyril Lucar

Cyril Lucar  

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Religion
(1570–1638), Patr. of Alexandria (1601–20) and then of Constantinople (from 1620). His presence at the Synod of Brest-Litovsk in 1596 had turned him against the RC Church and the Jesuits, and he ...
divine right of kings

divine right of kings  

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Religion
The doctrine that monarchy is God's chosen form of government, and that rebellion against the monarch is always a sin. Where active obedience to an evil ruler is morally impossible, it is held that ...
Eikon Basilike

Eikon Basilike  

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Overview Page
A book, published about the date of his execution (1649), claiming to be meditations by Charles I, and for a long time so regarded; the title is Greek, and means literally ‘royal image’. It was ...
Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I  

[Na]English queen from ad 1558, of the House of Tudor. Born 1533, the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. She died in 1603, aged 69, having reigned 44 years.

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