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Akkadian warfare

Akkadian warfare  

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The city of Akkad (Agade) became the centre of a great Mesopotamian empire for over a century (2300–2200 bc) as a result of the military energy of its greatest ruler ...
animals and the military

animals and the military  

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(see also horses). Man has made use of the strength, speed, and stamina of his companion animals, in war as well as in peace, from the earliest recorded times. Domesticated ...
Assyrians

Assyrians  

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Renowned as possessing the most ruthless and efficient military organization of all the ancient Mesopotamian empires, the Assyrians dominated the region for over 600 years before being conquered by ...
battle of Arbela

battle of Arbela  

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(331 bc).Located west of the Tigris about 50 miles (80 km) from modern Erbil (Arbela), Gaugamela was the site of Alexander's third and decisive victory over the Persians in ...
Battle of Kadesh

Battle of Kadesh  

(1300 bc).Ramesses II, Pharaoh of Egypt (1304–1237 bc) defeated the Hittites of King Muwattallish (1315–1296) outside the strategically important city of Kadesh on the river Orontes, in northern ...
battle of Magnesia

battle of Magnesia  

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The decisive battle of the war between Rome and the Seleucid Antiochus III was fought near Magnesia by Mt. Sipylus in Lydia, in 189 bc. The nominal Roman commander was Cornelius Scipio Asiagenes, ...
battles of Megiddo

battles of Megiddo  

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(c.1468 bc, 609 bc, and ad 1918)(see also Armageddon). Tel Megiddo, in the fertile coastal strip of Palestine, now Israel, was the site of the first battle of which ...
cavalry

cavalry  

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ˈkævǝlrē1 pl. -ies usually treated as pl. soldiers who fought on horseback.2 a branch of an army made up of such soldiers.3 modern soldiers who fight in armored vehicles.[...]
Etruscans

Etruscans  

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Historically and artistically the most important of the indigenous peoples of pre‐Roman Italy, and acc. to Porcius Cato (1) the masters of nearly all of it—a claim confirmed by archaeology for the ...
Ezekiel

Ezekiel  

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Religion
A Hebrew prophet of the 6th century bc who prophesied the forthcoming destruction of Jerusalem and the Jewish nation and inspired hope for the future well-being of a restored state. Also, a book of ...
Gershom Scholem

Gershom Scholem  

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Religion
World-renowned German Jewish scholar of Jewish mysticism (1897–1982). Scholem was born in Berlin, in an assimilated Jewish family, but became attracted to Jewish studies, eventually specializing in ...
Hittites

Hittites  

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History
A member of an ancient people of Asia Minor who gained control of central Anatolia c. 1800–1200 bc. The Hittite empire reached its zenith under the totalitarian rule of Suppiluliuma I (c.1380 bc), ...
horse

horse  

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History
N.1 cavalry: forty horse and sixty foot.2 a horizontal bar, rail, or rope in the rigging of a sailing ship for supporting something.v. (usually be horsed) provide (a person or vehicle) with a horse ...
Hydaspēs

Hydaspēs  

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River of the Punjab, where Alexander (2) the Great defeated Porus in 326 bc. After continually stretching the enemy by marching and countermarching along the river, Alexander crossed it before dawn ...
infantry

infantry  

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N. soldiers marching or fighting on foot; foot soldiers collectively.
Ipsus

Ipsus  

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Small town in central Phrygia, precise location unknown, where Antigonus (1) the One-eyed was defeated and killed by Lysimachus and Seleucus (1) I in 301 bc, in a battle in ...
Light

Light  

Medieval theories concerning light were long influenced by the neoplatonist system of thought. Light (lumen) had its origin in the stars and heavenly bodies, whose rays reached the sublunary world ...
logistics

logistics  

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N. the organization of moving, housing, and supplying troops and equipment.
military revolution

military revolution  

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Military revolutions have taken place throughout history, and one of the greatest may be underway now. They involve major changes in the conduct of war and in military organization and ...
Sumer

Sumer  

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Religion
An ancient region of SW Asia in present-day Iraq, comprising the southern part of Mesopotamia. From the 4th millennium bc it was the site of city states which became part of ancient Babylonia.The ...

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